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Related to Motoneurons: Motor nerves, somatic motor neuron


 (mō′tə-no͝or′ŏn′, -nyo͝or′-)
A motor neuron.


(Anatomy) anatomy an efferent nerve cell; motor neuron

mo′tor neu`ron

or motoneuron

a nerve cell that conducts impulses to a muscle, gland, or other effector.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.motoneuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cordmotoneuron - a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
nerve cell, neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
efferent, efferent nerve, motor nerve - a nerve that conveys impulses toward or to muscles or glands
References in periodicals archive ?
The information coming from the decomposition of HD-sEMG signals give insight into the behavior of the motoneurons in the spinal cord and on the effective control command.
Researchers have established that the movement of the muscles in the jaw and tongue are governed by special neurons called motoneurons and that these are in turn controlled by another set of neurons called premotor neurons.
Adding credence to this view, scientists in the 1990s reported finding a group of atonia-generating neurons in the medulla that, during REM sleep, inhibit the activity of motoneurons in the spine.
Interaction of serotonergic excitatory drive to hypoglossal motoneurons with carbachol-induced, REM sleep-like atonia.
Cloning of the cDNA encoding the urotensin II precursor in frog and human reveals intense expression of the urotensin II gene in motoneurons of the spinal cord.
Ontogeny of androgen receptor immunoreactivity in lumbar motoneurons and in the sexually dimorphic levator ani muscle of male rats.
In spinal motoneurons of newborn rats, ethanol decreased the frequency of NMDAR and AMPAR-dependent postsynaptic electrical signals (so-called excitatory postsynaptic currents [mEPSCs]), suggesting that ethanol inhibited glutamate release into the synapse (Ziskind-Conhaim et al.
Axonal growth of embryonic stem cell-derived motoneurons in vitro and in motoneuron-injured adult rats.
Intracellular analysis of synaptic potentials induced in trigeminal jaw-closer motoneurons by pontomesencephalic reticular stimulation during sleep and wakefulness.