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The religion of Muslims; Islam.
the doctrines and practices of the religion founded by the prophet Muhammad and set forth in the Koran. Also called Islam, Islamism. — Muhammadan, Mohammedan, n.See also: Islam
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|Noun||1.||Muhammadanism - the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran; "Islam is a complete way of life, not a Sunday religion"; "the term Muhammadanism is offensive to Muslims who believe that Allah, not Muhammad, founded their religion"|
Sunna, Sunnah, hadith - (Islam) the way of life prescribed as normative for Muslims on the basis of the teachings and practices of Muhammad and interpretations of the Koran
Had crime - (Islam) serious crimes committed by Muslims and punishable by punishments established in the Koran; "Had crimes include apostasy from Islam and murder and theft and adultery"
Tazir crime - (Islam) minor crimes committed by Muslims; crimes that are not mentioned in the Koran so judges are free to punish the offender in any appropriate way; "in some Islamic nations Tazir crimes are set by legislation"
Ramadan - (Islam) a fast (held from sunrise to sunset) that is carried out during the Islamic month of Ramadan
Caaba, Kaaba - (Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine; believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham; Muslims turn in its direction when praying
mihrab - (Islam) a niche in the wall of a mosque that indicates the direction of Mecca
mihrab - (Islam) a design in the shape of niche in a Muslim prayer rug; during worship the niche must be pointed toward Mecca
mosque - (Islam) a Muslim place of worship that usually has a minaret
Hadith - (Islam) a tradition based on reports of the sayings and activities of Muhammad and his companions
pillar of Islam - (Islam) one of the five religious obligations accepted by all Muslims
monotheism - belief in a single God
Mahdism - belief in the appearance of the Mahdi; devotion to a Mahdi
Salafi movement, Salafism - a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels; seek to convert all Muslims and to insure that its own fundamentalist version of Islam will dominate the world
Shiism - the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
Wahabism, Wahhabism - a conservative and intolerant form of Islam that is practiced in Saudi Arabia; "Osama bin Laden and his followers practice Wahhabism"
Ta'ziyeh - (Islam) a form of Iranian musical pageant that is the theatrical expression of religious passion; based on the Battle of Kerbala and performed annually (in Farsi)
halal - (Islam) meat from animals that have been slaughtered in the prescribed way according to the shariah
Islam Nation, Islamic Ummah, Muslim Ummah, Umma, Ummah - the Muslim community or people, considered to extend from Mauritania to Pakistan; "moderate Muslims urge the Ummah to reject the terrorism of radical Muslims"
Beelzebub, Devil, Lucifer, Old Nick, Prince of Darkness, Satan, the Tempter - (Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell
djinn, djinni, djinny, genie, jinnee, jinni - (Islam) an invisible spirit mentioned in the Koran and believed by Muslims to inhabit the earth and influence mankind by appearing in the form of humans or animals
eblis - (Islam) the principal evil jinni in Islamic mythology
houri - (Islam) one of the dark-eyed virgins of perfect beauty believed to live with the blessed in Paradise
paynim - a heathen; a person who is not a Christian (especially a Muslim)
imam, imaum - (Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque; for Shiites an imam is a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law and a spiritual guide
Mahdi - (Islam) a messianic leader who (according to popular Muslim belief) will appear before the end of the world and restore justice and religion