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n. pl. my·co·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, aerobic, often pathogenic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, including the causative agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

my′co·bac·ter′i·al adj.


n, pl -ria (-rɪə)
(Microbiology) any of the rod-shaped Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, some of which cause human diseases, such as tuberculosis and leprosy


(ˌmaɪ koʊ bækˈtɪər i əm)

n., pl. -te•ri•a (-ˈtɪər i ə)
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, certain species of which, as M. tuberculosis, are pathogenic.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mycobacterium - rod-shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Mycobacterium - nonmotile Gram-positive aerobic bacteria


n. L. Mycobacterium, especie de bacterias gram-positivas en forma de bastoncillo que incluyen bacterias causantes de la lepra y la tuberculosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mycobacterium microti infection in the cat: a case report, literature review and recent clinical experience.
Scientists at the University of Edinburgh Royal School of Veterinary Studies say one-fifth of cats with the disease are thought to be infected by Mycobacterium bovis - the strain found in cattle and badgers - whereas most were caused by Mycobacterium microti, usually found in voles.
Tuberculosis, a disease caused by acid- and alcohol-fast bacilli of the family Mycobacteriaceae (Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium microti, and Mycobacterium africanum), is one of the earliest diseases known to affect humans.

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