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n. pl. my·co·bac·te·ri·a (-tîr′ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, aerobic, often pathogenic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, including the causative agents of tuberculosis and leprosy.

my′co·bac·ter′i·al adj.


n, pl -ria (-rɪə)
(Microbiology) any of the rod-shaped Gram-positive bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, some of which cause human diseases, such as tuberculosis and leprosy


(ˌmaɪ koʊ bækˈtɪər i əm)

n., pl. -te•ri•a (-ˈtɪər i ə)
any of several rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium, certain species of which, as M. tuberculosis, are pathogenic.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mycobacterium - rod-shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Mycobacterium - nonmotile Gram-positive aerobic bacteria


n. L. Mycobacterium, especie de bacterias gram-positivas en forma de bastoncillo que incluyen bacterias causantes de la lepra y la tuberculosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
1 The Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) consists of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium africanum, Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium canettii, and Mycobacterium microti.
La TB es una infeccion causada por bacilos del genero Mycobacterium, del cual hay varias especies: Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium a frican um, Mycobacterium canetti, Mycobacterium microti y Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
To the Editor: Mycobacterium microti is a member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC).
Activity and penetration of antituberculosis drugs in mouse peritoneal macrophages infected with Mycobacterium microti ov254.
Scientists at the University of Edinburgh Royal School of Veterinary Studies say one-fifth of cats with the disease are thought to be infected by Mycobacterium bovis - the strain found in cattle and badgers - whereas most were caused by Mycobacterium microti, usually found in voles.

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