mycorrhiza

(redirected from Mycorrhizal fungi)
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Related to Mycorrhizal fungi: Arbuscular mycorrhiza

my·cor·rhi·za

or my·co·rhi·za (mī′kə-rī′zə)
n. pl. my·cor·rhi·zae (-zē) or my·cor·rhi·zas or my·co·rhi·zae or my·co·rhi·zas
The symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus with the roots of a plant, as is found in the majority of vascular plants.

[myco- + Greek rhiza, root; see wrād- in Indo-European roots.]

my′cor·rhi′zal adj.

mycorrhiza

(ˌmaɪkəˈraɪzə) or

mycorhiza

n, pl -zae (-ziː) or -zas
(Botany) an association of a fungus and a plant in which the fungus lives within or on the outside of the plant's roots forming a symbiotic or parasitic relationship. See ectotrophic mycorrhiza, endotrophic mycorrhiza
[C19: from myco- + Greek rhiza root]
ˌmycorˈrhizal, ˌmycoˈrhizal adj

my•cor•rhi•za

(ˌmaɪ kəˈraɪ zə)

n., pl. -zae (-zē), -zas.
a symbiotic association of the mycelium of a fungus, esp. a basidiomycete, with the roots of certain plants, in which the hyphae form a closely woven mass around the rootlets or penetrate the cells of the root.
[1890–95]
my`cor•rhi′zal, my`co•rhi′zal, adj.
Translations
mycorhize
References in periodicals archive ?
1998), removal of natural vegetation and, consequently, the disappearance of natural populations of mycorrhizal fungi (Pera and Parlade 2005).
The mycorrhizal plant benefits from the association by the increase in root and aerial systems due to the mycorrhizal fungi (MF) that allow it to better use some soil components which are difficult for the roots to access [2,32].
Only Genotype B responded significantly positively to inoculation with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, being 121% larger in the mycorrhizal treatment (post hoc tests, with and without mycorrhizae in the no pathogen treatment, P = 0.
These microorganisms, especially mycorrhizal fungi, are what Indian environmentalist Vandana Shiva calls the "brains of the plants.
Nearly 90% of the world's plants form an association with mycorrhizal fungi, which colonize plant roots and provide the host with enhanced capacity for water and mineral uptake.
A pot experiment was conducted to study a potential contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF Diversispora spurca) on WL tolerance of trifoliate orange (Poncirustrifoliata L.
Inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi during the weaning stage of micropropagated plants can reduce abiotic stress and increase survival rate in this phase of plant establishment (KAPOOR et al.
Vested interests, determined to sell more and more herbicide-tolerant, genetically modified crop varieties, will certainly not blaze the trail to explore the potential of plants' ancient partnership with mycorrhizal fungi.
6 Use mycorrhizal fungi when planting new roses - this will help establish a healthy relationship between soil and roots and give your rose the best chance.
micrantha) using morphology, DNA sequences, and the identities of mycorrhizal fungi associated with the roots of the orchids.
Mycorrhizal fungi growing in and on tree roots hold 50 to 70 percent of the total carbon stored in leaf litter and soil on forested islands in Sweden, researchers report in the March 29 Science.