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Any technique used to manufacture nanoscale objects or mechanisms.
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Their multiple-patented nanolithography technology, called NanoFrazor, was originally invented at IBM Research Zurich as a successor of a new concept for data storage - the so called Millipede memory.
Using nanolithography, a pattern was created so that electrons were confined in the lateral direction in the hexagonal lattice.
Block copolymer thin films are used in nanolithography and patterning because they can form 5 to 50 nm selfassembled structures.
Nanolithography is the art and science of using lithographic techniques - like photolithography, nanoimprint lithography, X-ray lithography, and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography - to produce nanostructures and devices.
To build the combinatorial libraries, Mirkin and his team used Dip-Pen Nanolithography, a technique developed at Northwestern in 1999, to deposit onto a surface individual polymer "dots," each loaded with different metal salts of interest.
So far, nanostructures are either chemically synthesized or produced using top-down approaches such as nanolithography, but no processes exist to take a few nanostructures and perform the basic operations required to assemble them into a more complex system.
As reactive platforms, the obtained colloidal nanofiber electrolytes having covalence cross-linked structures can be utilized in electrochemical applications, nanoengineering and bioengineering processing, nanolithography, fuel cells, and power nanotechnology.
Besides, AFM nanolithography has proven to be a unique tool for material structuring and patterning with nanometer precision.
As well as for aluminum oxide thin films has several important applications in technology for example in optoelectronics, tribology, sensorics, nanolithography because of their attractive properties.
New technologies such as nanoimprinting, scanning microscopy, scanning instruments for surface research, nanolithography, auto-matic identification systems and micromachining, request for ultraprecision positioning instruments, which would ensure the nanometric accuracy of positioning [2].
Early pioneering technologies in the on-dose authentication space included GRAS beads printed with symbology and read under magnification; reagent kits using an immunoassay that turned the drug sample a certain color when secondary chemicals are introduced; nanolithography inscriptions interpreted by ultra-high powered microscopes; and spectrally coded GRAS silica particles that are machine readable in the field.