naphtha

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naph·tha

 (năf′thə, năp′-)
n.
1. Any of several highly volatile, flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons distilled from petroleum, coal tar, and natural gas and used as fuel, as solvents, and in making various chemicals. Also called benzine, ligroin, petroleum ether, white gasoline.
2. Obsolete Petroleum.

[Latin, from Greek, liquid bitumen, of Semitic origin; see npṭ in Semitic roots.]

naph′thous adj.

naphtha

(ˈnæfθə; ˈnæp-)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a distillation product from coal tar boiling in the approximate range 80–170°C and containing aromatic hydrocarbons
2. (Elements & Compounds) a distillation product from petroleum boiling in the approximate range 100–200°C and containing aliphatic hydrocarbons: used as a solvent and in petrol
3. (Elements & Compounds) an obsolete name for petroleum
[C16: via Latin from Greek, of Iranian origin; related to Persian neft naphtha]

naph•tha

(ˈnæf θə, ˈnæp-)

n.
1. a colorless, volatile petroleum distillate, usu. an intermediate product between gasoline and benzine, used as a solvent and as a fuel.
2. any of various similar liquids distilled from other products.
[1565–75; < Latin < Greek náphthas, perhaps < Iranian *nafta, derivative of *nab- to be damp]
naph′thous, adj.

naph·tha

(năf′thə)
Any of several products made by refining petroleum or by breaking down coal tar. Naphtha is usually flammable, and is used as a solvent and as an ingredient in gasoline. It is also used to make plastics.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.naphtha - any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
dissolvent, dissolver, dissolving agent, resolvent, solvent - a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances; "the solvent does not change its state in forming a solution"
Translations

naphtha

[ˈnæfθə] Nnafta f

naphtha

nNaphtha nt or f

naphtha

[ˈnæfθə] nnafta
References in periodicals archive ?
Movs Under Process Scheme Of -Provision For Nrv In Kvspl Manifold Along With Addition Of Naptha And Army Diesel Streams- At Gujarat Refinery.
Yue Chi Wilhelmsen 06/11/15 Not Sched Nil 30,000 Naptha
1 box of Borax 2 bars of Fels Naptha, grated (protect your hands) 1 large box (4 lbs.
Now, with the Project Naptha browser extension, you can use your mouse to select the rasterized text from any image that you find on the web, and then paste that text elsewhere.
5 billion plant in Mexico and studying options for investment in the US as it chases access to cheap natural gas rather than the more expensive naptha fuel stock it uses at most existing plants.
Under this agreement, General Electric will provide the technical and financial support to the Naptha Cracker project in El-Ain El-Sokhna, which is affiliated with Tahrir Petrochemicals Company.
Saturdays were market days, spielers shouting their wares, naptha lamps hissing, and stopping up 'till late.
Quoting government data, the report added that the shutdown slashed Omani oil output by 42 per cent in the first quarter of 2013, with a 24 per cent decrease in diesel and 69 per cent drop in naptha production.
As an industry leader in catalytic reforming, Honeywell's UOP CCR Platforming process, combined with its reforming catalysts, selectively converts low-quality naptha to BTX (benzene, toluene and xylene) aromatics for plastics production.
Korea is also dependent on Qatar for significant quantities of naptha, LPG and ammonia.
The agreement, which goes into effectin 2013, will ensure an uninterruptedsupply of feedstocks to SABIC's two major naptha cracking facilities in Geleen, TheNetherlands, said a SABIC statement.
The Prime Minister said "20,000 MW addition by 2020 program" will comprise 6,000 MW on hydro; 6,000 MW on coal; 5,000 MW on gas, 1,000 MW on Naptha and other indigenous fuels and the remainder 2,000 MW from alternative energy resources, especially solar and wind.