graphite

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graph·ite

 (grăf′īt′)
n.
A soft crystalline allotrope of carbon, composed of graphene layers, having a steel-gray to black metallic luster and a greasy feel, used in lead pencils, lubricants, paints and coatings, and fabricated into a variety of forms such as molds, bricks, electrodes, crucibles, and rocket nozzles. Also called black lead, plumbago.

[Greek graphein, to write; see gerbh- in Indo-European roots + -ite.]

gra·phit′ic (gră-fĭt′ĭk) adj.

graphite

(ˈɡræfaɪt)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a blackish soft allotropic form of carbon in hexagonal crystalline form: used in pencils, crucibles, and electrodes, as a lubricant, as a moderator in nuclear reactors, and, in a carbon fibre form, as a tough lightweight material for sporting equipment. Also called: plumbago
[C18: from German Graphit; from Greek graphein to write + -ite1]
graphitic adj

graph•ite

(ˈgræf aɪt)

n.
a soft native carbon occurring in black to dark gray foliated masses: used for pencil leads, as a lubricant, as a moderator in nuclear reactors, and for making crucibles and other refractories; plumbago.
[1790–1800; < German Graphit < Greek gráph(ein) to write, draw + German -it -ite1]
gra•phit•ic (grəˈfɪt ɪk) adj.

graph·ite

(grăf′īt′)
A naturally occurring, steel-gray to black, crystalline form of carbon. The carbon atoms in graphite are strongly bonded together in sheets. Because the bonds between the sheets are weak, other atoms can easily fit between them, causing the graphite to be soft and slippery to the touch. Graphite is used in pencils and paints and as a lubricant and electrode. It is also used to control chain reactions in nuclear reactors because of its ability to absorb neutrons. See Note at carbon.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.graphite - used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactorsgraphite - used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors
pencil lead, lead - mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
pencil - graphite (or a similar substance) used in such a way as to be a medium of communication; "the words were scribbled in pencil"; "this artist's favorite medium is pencil"
Translations
رصاص أقلام، غرافيت
tuha
grafit
grafít
grafitas
grafīts

graphite

[ˈgræfaɪt] Ngrafito m

graphite

[ˈgræfaɪt] ngraphite m

graphite

nGrafit m, → Graphit m

graphite

[ˈgræfaɪt] ngrafite f

graphite

(ˈgrӕfait) noun
a form of carbon used in the leads of pencils.
References in periodicals archive ?
Three different types of highly thermally conductive materials were used as fillers in the manufacture of randomly oriented strandboard: natural graphite, synthetic graphite, and boron nitride.
Included are a range of calcined petroleum cokes, metallurgical cokes, anthracite coal, several synthetic types of graphite, a natural graphite and an electrically calcined anthracite.
Graphite is largely classified into natural graphite and artificial graphite.
Tenders are invited for Supply of Procure 180 Mt Of Natural Graphite Powder Vm 2.
Global anode materials industry is highly concentrated, with major manufacturers including Hitachi Chemical, JFE Chemical, Mitsubishi Chemical, BTR, and Ningbo Shanshan, which held a combined market share of over 80% in 2014, with Hitachi Chemical and Ningbo Shanshan specializing in artificial graphite anode materials, BTR and Mitsubishi Chemical in natural graphite anode materials, and JFE Chemical and Ningbo Shanshan in MCMB anode materials.
The company's facilities are said to produce and market a large variety of synthetic and natural graphite powders, conductive carbon blacks and water-based dispersions of consistent high quality.
Outstanding fine crystalline natural graphite concentrate grading 95 - 98% C achieved from mechanical cell flotation.
Prosecutors accused the 56-year-old merchant of importing 8,250 kilograms of natural graphite powder of 87.
The primary material in the plate is specially processed natural graphite giving FlexPlate unique heat conduction properties.
The report is devoted to investigation of current standing market of natural graphite in CIS countries and in the world and forecast of its development.
This is expected to increase demand for natural graphite by up to 37% by 2020.