Neanderthal

(redirected from Neandertals)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

Ne·an·der·thal

 (nē-ăn′dər-thôl′, -tôl′, nā-än′dər-täl′)
n.
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′)
a. A species of extinct hominins (Homo neanderthalensis) that lived throughout most of Europe and western and central Asia during the late Pleistocene Epoch until about 30,000 years ago. Members of this species had a large skull and stocky build and are associated with Middle Paleolithic tools.
b. An individual belonging to this species.
2. Slang A crude, boorish, or slow-witted person.
adj.
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′) Of, having to do with, or resembling Neanderthals.
2. Slang Crude, boorish, or slow-witted.

[After Neanderthal (Neandertal), a valley of western Germany near Düsseldorf where remains of these humans were found in 1856.]

Ne·an′der·thal′oid′ (-thô′loid′, -tô′-, -tä′-) adj.

Neanderthal

(nɪˈændəˌtɑːl)
adj
1. (Anthropology & Ethnology) relating to or characteristic of Neanderthal man
2. primitive; uncivilized
3. informal ultraconservative; reactionary
n
Also: neanderthaler a person showing any such characteristics

Ne•an•der•thal

(niˈæn dərˌθɔl, neɪˈɑn dərˌtɑl)

adj.
1. Also, Ne•an′der•tal` (-ˌtɔl, -ˌtɑl) of or pertaining to Neanderthal man.
2. (often l.c.) primitive, unenlightened, or reactionary.
n.
4. (often l.c.) an unenlightened, old-fashioned, or reactionary person.
[1860–65; after Neanderthal, valley in Germany where evidence of Neanderthal man was first found]
Ne•an′der•thal`er, n.

Ne·an·der·thal

(nē-ăn′dər-thôl′, nē-ăn′dər-tôl′) or Ne·an·der·tal (nē-ăn′dər-tôl′)
An extinct variety of human that lived throughout Europe and in parts of Asia and Africa during the late Pleistocene Epoch, until about 30,000 years ago. Neanderthals had a stocky build and large skulls with thick eyebrow ridges and big teeth. They usually lived in caves, made stone tools, and were the earliest humans known to bury their dead. Neanderthals were either a subspecies of modern humans or a separate, closely related species.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Neanderthal - extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western AsiaNeanderthal - extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia
genus Homo - type genus of the family Hominidae
human, human being, homo, man - any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
Adj.1.neanderthal - ill-mannered and coarse and contemptible in behavior or appearance; "was boorish and insensitive"; "the loutish manners of a bully"; "her stupid oafish husband"; "aristocratic contempt for the swinish multitude"
unrefined - (used of persons and their behavior) not refined; uncouth; "how can a refined girl be drawn to such an unrefined man?"
2.Neanderthal - relating to or belonging to or resembling Neanderthal man; "Neanderthal skull"
Translations
homme de Néandertal
ネアンデルタール人
네안데르탈인

Neanderthal

[nɪˈændətɑːl]
A. N (Geog) → Neanderthal m
B. ADJNeanderthal, de Neanderthal
Neanderthal manhombre m de Neanderthal

Neanderthal

adj
(Hist) → Neandertaler attr
(inf) (= brutish) personmassig; appearance, grunt, conversationroh; (= reactionary) person, attitude, viewrückständig; system, methodvorsintflutlich
n
(Hist) → Neandertaler m
(inf) (= brute)Schlägertyp m (inf); (= reactionary)Neandertaler(in) m(f) (inf)

Neanderthal

[nɪˈændəˌtɑːl]
1. adj
a. (Archeol) → neandertaliano/a
b. (pej) (brutish, person, behaviour) → da bruto; (reactionary, politician, attitude) → reazionario/a
2. n (pej) (brute) → bruto/a; (reactionary) → reazionario/a
References in periodicals archive ?
The presence of Neandertals in Europe may have helped deter humans' migration to that continent until around 45,000 years ago, when Neandertal populations started to shrink, says a team led by Wu Liu and Xiu-jie Wu of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing and Maria Martinon-Torres of University College London.
On the other hand, the culture-shock experienced by neandertals transported to the late twentieth century would be violent indeed.
ISLAMABAD -- A team of researchers found that two teeth from prehistoric sites in northern Italy are the oldest modern human remains overlapping in time with the last Neandertals.
Recent archaeological studies have revealed that human bones are lighter in weight and density when compared to early homo sapiens, Australopithecus africanus, Neandertals and chimpanzees.
Washington, July 8 ( ANI ): A new research has discovered an inner-ear formation in the 100,000-year-old early human skull, found 35 years ago in Northern China, which is similar to structure found in Neandertals.
This "mosaic pattern" supports a theory of Neandertal evolution that suggests Neandertals developed their defining features separately, and at different times -- not all at once.
Wynn, an archaeologist, and Coolidge, a psychologist, meet at a crossroads of anthropology to determine what made Neandertals tick.
Neandertals and ancient humans probably did not compete against each other in track and field events, though we may never know for certain.
After discovering starch granules from plant food trapped in the dental calculus on 40-thousand-year-old Neandertal teeth, the scientists believe that Neandertals ate a wide variety of plants and included cooked grains as part of a more sophisticated, diverse diet similar to early modern humans.
Existing in the European fossil record from approximately 400,000 to 30,000 years ago, Neandertals are likely to have come into contact with anatomically modern humans for the last 50,000 years of their existence.
Over the next two years, the Neandertal sequencing team plans to reconstruct a draft of the 3 billion bases that made up the genome of Neandertals.
Neandertals were much more advanced than has previously been thought, new research suggests.