Neanderthal


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Ne·an·der·thal

 (nē-ăn′dər-thôl′, -tôl′, nā-än′dər-täl′)
n.
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′)
a. A species of extinct hominins (Homo neanderthalensis) that lived throughout most of Europe and western and central Asia during the late Pleistocene Epoch until about 30,000 years ago. Members of this species had a large skull and stocky build and are associated with Middle Paleolithic tools.
b. An individual belonging to this species.
2. Slang A crude, boorish, or slow-witted person.
adj.
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′) Of, having to do with, or resembling Neanderthals.
2. Slang Crude, boorish, or slow-witted.

[After Neanderthal (Neandertal), a valley of western Germany near Düsseldorf where remains of these humans were found in 1856.]

Ne·an′der·thal′oid′ (-thô′loid′, -tô′-, -tä′-) adj.

Neanderthal

(nɪˈændəˌtɑːl)
adj
1. (Anthropology & Ethnology) relating to or characteristic of Neanderthal man
2. primitive; uncivilized
3. informal ultraconservative; reactionary
n
Also: neanderthaler a person showing any such characteristics

Ne•an•der•thal

(niˈæn dərˌθɔl, neɪˈɑn dərˌtɑl)

adj.
1. Also, Ne•an′der•tal` (-ˌtɔl, -ˌtɑl) of or pertaining to Neanderthal man.
2. (often l.c.) primitive, unenlightened, or reactionary.
n.
4. (often l.c.) an unenlightened, old-fashioned, or reactionary person.
[1860–65; after Neanderthal, valley in Germany where evidence of Neanderthal man was first found]
Ne•an′der•thal`er, n.

Ne·an·der·thal

(nē-ăn′dər-thôl′, nē-ăn′dər-tôl′) or Ne·an·der·tal (nē-ăn′dər-tôl′)
An extinct variety of human that lived throughout Europe and in parts of Asia and Africa during the late Pleistocene Epoch, until about 30,000 years ago. Neanderthals had a stocky build and large skulls with thick eyebrow ridges and big teeth. They usually lived in caves, made stone tools, and were the earliest humans known to bury their dead. Neanderthals were either a subspecies of modern humans or a separate, closely related species.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Neanderthal - extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western AsiaNeanderthal - extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia
genus Homo - type genus of the family Hominidae
human, human being, homo, man - any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
Adj.1.neanderthal - ill-mannered and coarse and contemptible in behavior or appearance; "was boorish and insensitive"; "the loutish manners of a bully"; "her stupid oafish husband"; "aristocratic contempt for the swinish multitude"
unrefined - (used of persons and their behavior) not refined; uncouth; "how can a refined girl be drawn to such an unrefined man?"
2.Neanderthal - relating to or belonging to or resembling Neanderthal man; "Neanderthal skull"
Translations
homme de Néandertal
ネアンデルタール人
네안데르탈인

Neanderthal

[nɪˈændətɑːl]
A. N (Geog) → Neanderthal m
B. ADJNeanderthal, de Neanderthal
Neanderthal manhombre m de Neanderthal

Neanderthal

adj
(Hist) → Neandertaler attr
(inf) (= brutish) personmassig; appearance, grunt, conversationroh; (= reactionary) person, attitude, viewrückständig; system, methodvorsintflutlich
n
(Hist) → Neandertaler m
(inf) (= brute)Schlägertyp m (inf); (= reactionary)Neandertaler(in) m(f) (inf)

Neanderthal

[nɪˈændəˌtɑːl]
1. adj
a. (Archeol) → neandertaliano/a
b. (pej) (brutish, person, behaviour) → da bruto; (reactionary, politician, attitude) → reazionario/a
2. n (pej) (brute) → bruto/a; (reactionary) → reazionario/a
References in classic literature ?
There was one among the lot, evidently the leader of them, who bore a close resemblance to the so-called Neanderthal man of La Chapelle-aux-Saints.
I did not wish to fire among them unless it became absolutely necessary, and so I started to lead my party around them; but the instant that the Neanderthal man guessed my intention, he evidently attributed it to cowardice upon our part, and with a wild cry he leaped toward us, waving his cudgel above his head.
An examination disclosed that five of our erstwhile opponents were dead and the sixth, the Neanderthal man, was but slightly wounded, a bullet having glanced from his thick skull, stunning him.
The Neanderthal man was something of a care, for we had to keep him in irons all the time, and he was mighty savage when approached; but after a time he became more docile, and then we tried to discover if he had a language.
I see in reading over the last few pages that I neglected to state that Lys finally discovered that the Neanderthal man possessed a language.
Scientists now know that there is some Neanderthal DNA in all of us, but more in Europeans than in Africans.
A specialist in Neanderthal colonization, adaptation, and surviorship at the northwestern edge of their range, Scott (British Museum) argues that the hominids who lived in Britain and continental Europe about 70-37,000 years ago possessed a complex range of social and practical skills, in contrast to how the public and even scholars see them.
Neanderthals made use of the diverse plant foods available in their local environment and transformed them into more easily digestible foodstuffs, in part through cooking them, suggesting an overall sophistication in Neanderthal dietary regimes.
Even their brains were larger than ours but size is not everything and it is unlikely that the Neanderthal brain had the myriad of neural connections that are contained in a modern human brain.
Spikins and colleagues took a close look at Neanderthal fossil injuries and found in some cases, the condition occurred way before an individual's death and would have required regular care in the form of continuous monitoring, massage, fever and hygiene management.
It has to be that of a Neanderthal, the early species that hunted the big beasts of ice age Europe before our lot came along, only to mysteriously vanish about 40,000 years ago, soon after our arrival.
It is quite possible that similar cave art in other caves in Western Europe is of Neanderthal origin as well," he said.