Neanderthal

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Related to Neanderthals: Human evolution

Ne·an·der·thal

 (nē-ăn′dər-thôl′, -tôl′, nā-än′dər-täl′)
n.
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′)
a. A species of extinct hominins (Homo neanderthalensis) that lived throughout most of Europe and western and central Asia during the late Pleistocene Epoch until about 30,000 years ago. Members of this species had a large skull and stocky build and are associated with Middle Paleolithic tools.
b. An individual belonging to this species.
2. Slang A crude, boorish, or slow-witted person.
adj.
1. also Ne·an·der·tal (-tôl′, -täl′) Of, having to do with, or resembling Neanderthals.
2. Slang Crude, boorish, or slow-witted.

[After Neanderthal (Neandertal), a valley of western Germany near Düsseldorf where remains of these humans were found in 1856.]

Ne·an′der·thal′oid′ (-thô′loid′, -tô′-, -tä′-) adj.

Neanderthal

(nɪˈændəˌtɑːl)
adj
1. (Anthropology & Ethnology) relating to or characteristic of Neanderthal man
2. primitive; uncivilized
3. informal ultraconservative; reactionary
n
Also: neanderthaler a person showing any such characteristics

Ne•an•der•thal

(niˈæn dərˌθɔl, neɪˈɑn dərˌtɑl)

adj.
1. Also, Ne•an′der•tal` (-ˌtɔl, -ˌtɑl) of or pertaining to Neanderthal man.
2. (often l.c.) primitive, unenlightened, or reactionary.
n.
4. (often l.c.) an unenlightened, old-fashioned, or reactionary person.
[1860–65; after Neanderthal, valley in Germany where evidence of Neanderthal man was first found]
Ne•an′der•thal`er, n.

Ne·an·der·thal

(nē-ăn′dər-thôl′, nē-ăn′dər-tôl′) or Ne·an·der·tal (nē-ăn′dər-tôl′)
An extinct variety of human that lived throughout Europe and in parts of Asia and Africa during the late Pleistocene Epoch, until about 30,000 years ago. Neanderthals had a stocky build and large skulls with thick eyebrow ridges and big teeth. They usually lived in caves, made stone tools, and were the earliest humans known to bury their dead. Neanderthals were either a subspecies of modern humans or a separate, closely related species.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Neanderthal - extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western AsiaNeanderthal - extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia
genus Homo - type genus of the family Hominidae
human, human being, homo, man - any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
Adj.1.neanderthal - ill-mannered and coarse and contemptible in behavior or appearance; "was boorish and insensitive"; "the loutish manners of a bully"; "her stupid oafish husband"; "aristocratic contempt for the swinish multitude"
unrefined - (used of persons and their behavior) not refined; uncouth; "how can a refined girl be drawn to such an unrefined man?"
2.Neanderthal - relating to or belonging to or resembling Neanderthal man; "Neanderthal skull"
Translations
homme de Néandertal
ネアンデルタール人
네안데르탈인

Neanderthal

[nɪˈændətɑːl]
A. N (Geog) → Neanderthal m
B. ADJNeanderthal, de Neanderthal
Neanderthal manhombre m de Neanderthal

Neanderthal

adj
(Hist) → Neandertaler attr
(inf) (= brutish) personmassig; appearance, grunt, conversationroh; (= reactionary) person, attitude, viewrückständig; system, methodvorsintflutlich
n
(Hist) → Neandertaler m
(inf) (= brute)Schlägertyp m (inf); (= reactionary)Neandertaler(in) m(f) (inf)

Neanderthal

[nɪˈændəˌtɑːl]
1. adj
a. (Archeol) → neandertaliano/a
b. (pej) (brutish, person, behaviour) → da bruto; (reactionary, politician, attitude) → reazionario/a
2. n (pej) (brute) → bruto/a; (reactionary) → reazionario/a
References in classic literature ?
There was one among the lot, evidently the leader of them, who bore a close resemblance to the so-called Neanderthal man of La Chapelle-aux-Saints.
I did not wish to fire among them unless it became absolutely necessary, and so I started to lead my party around them; but the instant that the Neanderthal man guessed my intention, he evidently attributed it to cowardice upon our part, and with a wild cry he leaped toward us, waving his cudgel above his head.
An examination disclosed that five of our erstwhile opponents were dead and the sixth, the Neanderthal man, was but slightly wounded, a bullet having glanced from his thick skull, stunning him.
The Neanderthal man was something of a care, for we had to keep him in irons all the time, and he was mighty savage when approached; but after a time he became more docile, and then we tried to discover if he had a language.
I see in reading over the last few pages that I neglected to state that Lys finally discovered that the Neanderthal man possessed a language.
Now in a revised and updated edition, The Neanderthals Rediscovered: How Modern Science is Rewriting Their Story examines what archaeological research, including advances in DNA technology, has revealed about the Neanderthal--a species very similar to homo sapiens, that appears to have evolved in Europe parallel to homo sapiens in Africa.
While all samples contained signs of meat consumption, two samples showed traces of plants - the first direct evidence that Neanderthals may have enjoyed an omnivorous diet.
Writing for general readers interested in science, Paabo recounts his 30-year effort to sequence the genome of Neanderthal Man and explains what he discovered about the hotly debated relationship between Neanderthals and the early humans who lived in the same regions for thousands of years.
Chapters connect genetic studies and paleontological records with the debate surround the relationships between modern humans and Neanderthals.
But ground-breaking research by an expert from the University of New England shows that our 'misunderstood cousins,' the Neanderthals, may well have spoken in languages not dissimilar to the ones we use today.
Many other and better preserved skeletons are known; however, this one is noteworthy because it was found in a Chatelperronian context--a techno-tradition long recognised as 'transitional' between the Middle Palaeolithic of Neanderthals and the Upper Palaeolithic of modern humans.