Near East


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Near East

 (nîr)
A region of southwest Asia generally defined as including Asia Minor, the Levant, and Mesopotamia. The Near East is sometimes considered also to include the Arabian Peninsula, Iran, and the area around the Nile River in northeast Africa.

Near Eastern adj.
Near Easterner n.

Near East

n
1. (Placename) another term for the Middle East
2. (Placename) (formerly) the Balkan States and the area of the Ottoman Empire

Near′ East′


n.
a geographical region usu. considered to encompass the countries of SW Asia, including Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and the other nations of the Arabian Peninsula. Compare Middle East (def. 1).
Near′ East′ern, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Near East - the area around the eastern MediterraneanNear East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Operation Desert Storm - the United States and its allies defeated Iraq in a ground war that lasted 100 hours (1991)
Six Day War, Six-Day War, Arab-Israeli War - tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967; Israel emerged as a major power in the Middle East
Arab-Israeli War, Yom Kippur War - Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in October 1973 (on Yom Kippur); Israel counterattacked and drove the Syrians back and crossed the Suez Canal into Egypt
zarf - an ornamental metal cup-shaped holder for a hot coffee cup
pita, pocket bread - usually small round bread that can open into a pocket for filling
falafel, felafel - small croquette of mashed chick peas or fava beans seasoned with sesame seeds
Fertile Crescent - a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
Israel - an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025 BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC
Israel, State of Israel, Yisrael, Zion, Sion - Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine
Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt, United Arab Republic - a republic in northeastern Africa known as the United Arab Republic until 1971; site of an ancient civilization that flourished from 2600 to 30 BC
Iran, Islamic Republic of Iran, Persia - a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil
Al-Iraq, Irak, Iraq, Republic of Iraq - a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq
Levant - the former name for the geographical area of the eastern Mediterranean that is now occupied by Lebanon, Syria, and Israel
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Jordan - an Arab kingdom in southwestern Asia on the Red Sea
State of Kuwait, Koweit, Kuwait - an Arab kingdom in Asia on the northwestern coast of the Persian Gulf; a major source of petroleum
Lebanese Republic, Lebanon - an Asian republic at east end of Mediterranean
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia - an absolute monarchy occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia; vast oil reserves dominate the economy
Syria, Syrian Arab Republic - an Asian republic in the Middle East at the east end of the Mediterranean; site of some of the world's most ancient centers of civilization
Republic of Turkey, Turkey - a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; on the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the Young Turks, led by Kemal Ataturk, established a republic in 1923
Translations
近東

Near East

n
the Near East → le Proche-Orientnearest and dearest [ˌnɪərɪstənˈdɪərɪSt] npl
sb's nearest and dearest (= friends and relations) → les êtres mpl chers à qn

Near East

n the Near Eastil Medio Oriente
References in classic literature ?
And farther on, from a lull near East Barnet, they saw two trains running slowly one after the other without signal or order--trains swarming with people, with men even among the coals behind the engines--going northward along the Great Northern Railway.
Introduced at the Near East Foundation (NEF)'s Centennial Gala, the Philanthropic Scholarship Program Will Offer Aid to 100 Middle Eastern Students
CAIRO, June 4 (KUNA) -- UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said Wednesday that most countries in the Near East and in North Africa region, including Kuwait, have achieved the millennium development goals and goals of the World Food summit.
Almost 5% of the Egyptian population suffer from food shortages, according to the UN's Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for the Near East and North Africa, Abdessalam Ould Ahmed.
MARRAKECH, Morocco, May 6, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Near East Foundation(NEF) announced at the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) Middle East & Africa Meeting its Commitment to Action to build economic resilience among urban refugees and poor members of their host communities in Jordan and Lebanon.
The Neolithic: a deep revolution in human societies Agricultural and husbandry practices originated around 12,000 years ago in a region of the Near East known as the Fertile Crescent.
Meanwhile, the Near East University (NEU) countered Greek Cypriot arguments as to why the band should not perform in the north.
al-Bakri will hold a meeting with representatives of the Near East and North Africa Region at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) at the United Nations (UN) to review outputs of the 5th session of the IT-PGRFA Governing Body, which was hosted by Muscat during September 2013, as well as Muscat Ministerial Declaration and the IT-PGRFA action plan for the Near East and North Africa (2014 - 2020).
He took part in the meetings of the 37th session of the IFAD Governing Council, which was held on 19 - 20 February and the 32nd session of FAO Regional Conference for the Near East held on 24 - 28 February.
The Sultanate, represented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, takes part in the 32nd session of the FAO Regional Conference for the Near East.
The minister and the accompanying delegation, which will leave Sunday evening to Rome, is to take part in the deliberation about the agenda on the status of the food and agriculture in the Near East and North Africa, and the ways to develop a strategy for sustainable mangament for the water resources.
In 13 papers from an April 2010 workshop in London, archaeologists explore various aspects of textiles in the Near East during the Neolithic, Bronze, and Iron Ages.

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