neptunism

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Related to Neptunists: Neptunian theory

neptunism

the now obsolete theory that all rock surfaces were formed by the agency of water. Cf. plutonism. — neptunist, n.
See also: Geology
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the World, as we Know 't," which begins with an inspired opening line: "The neptunists and vulcanists were going at it hammer and tongs.
Vulcanists, Neptunists, and racists (such as Gobineau, Cuvier, and Renan, who created hierarchies of civilizations based on skin color) aroused Flaubert's skepticism, more baldly displayed in Bouvard et Pecuchet.
Although it is unclear what Knox's views were, it is probable that he sided with the Neptunists, given his involvement with the Kirwanian Society.
The source of ore elements has been debated since the first confrontations between Plutonists and Neptunists about 220 years ago, and the debate continues to this day.