neural network

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neural network

also neural net
n.
A device or software program in which many interconnected elements process information simultaneously, adapting and learning from past patterns. Neural networks are often used to model the human brain.

neural network

n
1. (Physiology) an interconnected system of neurons, as in the brain or other parts of the nervous system
2. (Computer Science) Also called: neural net an analogous network of electronic components, esp one in a computer designed to mimic the operation of the human brain

neu′ral net′work


n.
1. any group of neurons that conduct impulses in a coordinated manner, as the assemblages of brain cells that record a visual stimulus.
2. Also called neu′ral net′. a computer model designed to simulate the behavior of biological neural networks, as in pattern recognition, language processing, and problem solving, with the goal of self-directed information processing.
[1985–90]
neural, neural network - Neural comes from Greek neuron, "nerve"; neural network can now refer to computer architecture in which processors are connected in a manner suggestive of connections between neurons.
See also related terms for network.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.neural network - computer architecture in which processors are connected in a manner suggestive of connections between neurons; can learn by trial and error
computer architecture - the art of assembling logical elements into a computing device; the specification of the relation between parts of a computer system
2.neural network - any network of neurons or nuclei that function together to perform some function in the body
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
reticulum - any fine network (especially one in the body composed of cells or blood vessels)
reticular formation, RF - a complex neural network in the central core of the brainstem; monitors the state of the body and functions in such processes as arousal and sleep and attention and muscle tone
RAS, reticular activating system - the network in the reticular formation that serves an alerting or arousal function
Translations
réseau neuronal

neural network

n (Anat) → Nervennetzwerk nt; (Comput) → neurales Netz
References in periodicals archive ?
With support from the International Neuroinformatics Coordinating Facility, the Wellcome Trust, and the Simons Foundation (also a funder of The Conversation US), we aim to create that big picture by designing one large-scale experiment that uses the exact same approach to study many different brain areas.
Hence, the area of neuroinformatics becomes one of the basics of learning, how to learn.
In doing so, we are contributing to the future use of complex, multi-fingered robot hands, which today are still too costly or complex to be used, for instance, in industry," explained neuroinformatics Professor Helge Ritter, who heads the Famula project together with sports scientist and cognitive psychologist Professor Thomas Schack and robotics Privatdozent Sven Wachsmuth.
She will conduct research at the Institute of Neuroinformatics, a joint institute of the University of Zurich and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.
Brette, "Brian: a simulator for spiking neural networks in python," Frontiers in Neuroinformatics, vol.
Diesmann, "Meeting the memory challenges of brain-scale network simulation," Frontiers in Neuroinformatics, vol.
Professor Marcus Kaiser, Professor of Neuroinformatics at Newcastle University, said: "The next steps are to compare the computationally predicted outcomes with the actual surgery outcomes in individual patients and to investigate how alternative surgery targets can be included in the future treatment.
In neuroscience, the project will use neuroinformatics and brain simulation to collect and integrate experimental data, identifying and filling gaps in our knowledge and prioritising future experiments.
F1000Research has also been helping almost 80 research communities establish their own publishing channels on the F1000Research platform, including major organisations and societies such as Medecins Sans Frontieres, the International Society for Computational Biology and the International Neuroinformatics Coordinating Facility.
With new developments in imaging, neuroinformatics and animal models taking place, the next step is to see how these will positively impact diagnosis and treatments of neurological disorders.
The study was authored by Arko Ghosh from the Institute of Neuroinformatics of the University of Zurich in Switzerland.
Issues in the Design of a Pilot Concept-Based Query Interface for the Neuroinformatics Information Framework.