Nganasan


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Noun1.Nganasan - a member of the Samoyedic people living on the Taimyr Peninsula in Siberia
Siberia - a vast Asian region of Russia; famous for long cold winters
Russian - a native or inhabitant of Russia
2.Nganasan - the Uralic language spoken by the Nganasan
Samoyedic, Samoyed - the Uralic languages spoken by the Samoyed in northwestern Siberia
References in periodicals archive ?
When approaching the Nganasan language from the perspective of the other Northern Samoyedic languages Tundra Nenets, Forest Nenets, Tundra Enets and Forest Enets, a number of Nganasan peculiarities are easily observable.
To the oldest layer of inherited stems belong stems that have cognates in one or several Samoyed languages: Nenets (Tundra or Forest Nenets), Enets, Nganasan, Selkup, or already vanished Kamass and Mator and which are not loans from Indo-European.
The Russian census recognizes (from West to East) the Saami, Nenets, Khanty, Sel'kup, Enets, Nganasan, Dolgan, Even, Chukchi, Chuvan, and Eskimo/ Inuit-Yupik of the Russian Far East.
Sino-Finnic): Lappic vuollel 'under', vuole/viille 'lower part', viilne/vuiln/vueiln/voiln/ 'under'; Mordvin al 'nether', alo/ala 'under'; Mari ul-/ulo- 'nether', ulna/ulno 'under'; Udmurt ul 'nether', ulin/ulan 'under'; Komi ulin/uvin 'under'; Mansi jala'n/joln/jalan/jalan 'below'; Khanty il/it/il 'nether'; Hungarian al- 'sub-'; Nenets nil-/nir- 'nether', yilna 'under'; Enets ido/iro 'bottom', isone 'under'; Nganasan nilea 'nether', nileanu 'under'; Selkup iil/il/rl 'bottom'; Kamas jilda 'downwards'; Yukaghir -al 'under'.
According to grammars it includes all Finnic and Sami languages, Moksha, Udmurt, Nganasan, Hungarian and Mansi.
The mood systems of these languages are extensive, and there seem to be some exceptions, at least the renarrative in Nganasan, which does have a special interrogative form.
Those included the Nenets no-, no-, Nganasan ne- and Enets i- (Castren 1854 : 436-437, 493-494, 518.
She writes about (Tundra) Nenets, Enets and Nganasan languages as follows: "In the case of a non-highlighted position of a direct object the predicate form contains reference only to the subject of the activity [ ] In the highlighted position of a direct object the predicate, on the contrary, contains reference not only to the subject but also to the direct object [ ] [ ] the highlighted position of the direct object marked by the nominative case is expressed in a peculiar relationship with its predicate" ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
one object) (Castren 1854 : 595-518; Kunnap 1999a : 25-26), Nganasan indef.
From a more general perspective, Nenets pronouns for 2nd person (further person is referred to with P) and 3P (both Tundra and Forest varieties) do not derive from Proto-Samoyedic/Uralic either, which leaves Nganasan as the only Northern Samoyedic language with a full set of personal pronouns derived from Proto-Samoyedic/Uralic.
With certain stem types, unmarked object is found in Nganasan as well, but here it is not related to the definite-indefinite distinction.