The lead role in articulating this new more aggressive posture has been taken by Roger Pardo-Mauer, deputy assistant secretary for western hemisphere affairs in the defense department, and a former state department representative to the Nicaraguan Contra
terrorists, who with U.
In a 2001 article for The New York Review of Books, Steven Kinzer, a New York Times reporter and an expert on Central America, wrote that Negroponte's nomination at the time as ambassador to the United Nations was "part of a concerted effort to rehabilitate those who planned and organized the Nicaraguan contra
war of the 1980s.
Four modern foreign crises are considered--Vietnam during the Johnson and Nixon administrations, the Nicaraguan Contra
funding controversy during the Reagan years, the first Gulf War, and the Bosnian crisis during both the Bush and Clinton presidencies.
Some 300 former Nicaraguan contra
commanders have taken a page from the playbook of Guatemala's Patrullas Autodefensas Civiles (PAC) to demand that they and thousands of other ex- contras be compensated for their service in the internal war against the Sandinista government.
One told him he "was involved in covert CIA operations to assist Nicaraguan contra
guerrillas in the late 1980s.
The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Washington Post and Newsweek carried stories questioning the accuracy and conclusions of the three-part series which suggested a link between the Central Intelligence Agency and a Nicaraguan Contra
group to feed tons of cocaine to Los Angeles street gangs and across the nation.
The series reported that the head smugglers, Danilo Blandon and Norwin Meneses, imported cocaine, sold it in Los Angeles and used millions of dollars in profits to fund the CIA-backed Nicaraguan contra
"freedom fighters" in their war against the socialist Sandinista regime.
government operation supplying illegal shipments of weapons to the Nicaraguan Contra
rebels, using funds from secret arms sales to Iran.
Peter and Matt's investigation uncovers a cabal of corrupt politicians, anti-communist Nicaraguan Contra
supporters, and drug smugglers.
While one of the biggest government scandals of the 1980s was the Iran-Contra affair involving US arms sold to Iran so money could be funneled to Nicaraguan Contra
rebels, Webb found arms sales weren't the only funding tactic.
A State Department-funded investigation in 1986 and 1987, while Ward was deputy division chief for Latin America and Honduran station chief overseeing the Nicaraguan contra
operation, said the contra's CIA handlers "turned the other way" regarding the contras' use of torture and murder.
Waters has been among the toughest critics of the CIA since the San Jose Mercury News published reports in August claiming the agency and the Nicaraguan Contra
rebels it supported during the 1980s had ties with a Los Angeles cocaine merchant.