73) According to Epiphanius, the Nicolaitan sect utilized "a certain book they call Norea," which they had themselves forged, identifying the title character Norea with the "wife of Noah.
85) According to Pearson, it is among these latter circles that the Hebrew name "Na'amah" becomes Greek "Horaia", and they serve in turn as one conduit for these sorts of traditions about antediluvian figures to contemporaneous and later classical gnostic groups like the Nicolaitans, Sethians, and even the Mandaeans.
The challenge for Peter the Venerable was to establish a theological and historical nexus between Muhammad and the Nicolaitan heresy.
Nicolas had also founded the Nicolaitan sect, which in the long trajectory of its history became associated exclusively with sexual immorality.
Muhammad, as a latter day Nicolaitan, represented an apostate who once had the opportunity to know the truth, but chose rather to follow his unbridled pride into doctrinal error and sexual immorality.
To do so, moreover, these polemicists harkened back to the patristic era to revive the Nicolaitan heresy to condemn medieval clerical marriage.
Ulrich D'Insola, on the other side of the debate, rejected the epitaph of Nicolaitan to argue that secular clergy should be allowed to marry.
For an early Christian usage of the Nicolaitan type see, A.
16 So haste thou them also that holde the doctrine of the Nicholaitans which thinge I hate: Repente, or else I will come to thee quickly, and will fighte againste them with the sworde of my mouth:--[KJ] This sinne of the Nicolaitans
is compared to that of Balaam: which was Idolatry and carnall fornication.
John, the disciple of the Lord, preaches this faith, and seeks, by the proclamation of the Gospel, to remove that error which by Cerinthus had been disseminated among men, and a long time previously by those termed Nicolaitans
Chapter two looks at his precursors; chapter three at the general plan of the work; and the following chapters examine in detail Epiphanius' notices of ten heresies (those of Noetus, Menander, Satornilus, Basilides, Carpocrates, the Nicolaitans, Tatian, the Quartodecimans, Cathari and Nazoreans), selected with a view to illustrating his approach.
The case of the Nicolaitans is a good example, where the wholly fictional character of the notice is well displayed (chapter nine).