Also found in: Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
A country of west-central Africa. The Tuareg and Hausa established states in the late Middle Ages, and the region was dominated by the Songhai and Bornu empires in the 1500s. Niger came under the French sphere of influence after the Conference of Berlin (1884-1885) and was made a separate colony within French West Africa in 1922. It achieved independence in 1960. Niamey is the capital and the largest city.
Ni′ger·i·en n. & adj.
A plant (Guizotia abyssinica) of the composite family native to northeast Africa, having yellow flower heads and grown for its oil-rich seeds, often used for birdseed.
[From earlier niger seed, probably after the Niger River in West Africa, where it is widely grown.]
1. (Placename) a landlocked republic in West Africa: important since earliest times for its trans-Saharan trade routes; made a French colony in 1922 and became fully independent in 1960; exports peanuts and livestock. Official language: French. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: franc. Capital: Niamey. Pop: 16 899 327 (2013 est). Area: 1 267 000 sq km (489 000 sq miles)
2. (Placename) a river in West Africa, rising in S Guinea and flowing in a great northward curve through Mali, then southwest through Niger and Nigeria to the Gulf of Guinea: the third longest river in Africa, with the largest delta, covering an area of 36 260 sq km (14 000 sq miles). Length: 4184 km (2600 miles)
3. (Placename) a state of W central Nigeria. Capital: Minna. Pop: 3 950 249 (2006). Area: 76 363 sq km (29 476 sq miles)
Ni•ger(ˈnaɪ dʒər, niˈʒɛər)
1. a republic in NW Africa: formerly part of French West Africa. 9,962,242; 489,141 sq. mi. (1,267,000 sq. km). Cap.: Niamey.
2. a river in W Africa, rising in S Guinea and flowing into the Gulf of Guinea. 2600 mi. (4185 km) long.
Ni•ge•ri•en (naɪˌdʒɪər iˈɛn) adj., n.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||Niger - an African river; flows into the South Atlantic|
Benin, Dahomey, Republic of Benin - a country on western coast of Africa; formerly under French control
French Guinea, Republic of Guinea, Guinea - a republic in western Africa on the Atlantic; formerly a French colony; achieved independence from France in 1958
French Sudan, Mali, Republic of Mali - a landlocked republic in northwestern Africa; achieved independence from France in 1960; Mali was a center of West African civilization for more than 4,000 years
Republic of Niger, Niger - a landlocked republic in West Africa; gained independence from France in 1960; most of the country is dominated by the Sahara Desert
|2.||Niger - a landlocked republic in West Africa; gained independence from France in 1960; most of the country is dominated by the Sahara Desert|
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Nigerien - a native or inhabitant of Niger
Niger[ˈnaɪdʒəʳ] N (= country, river) → Níger m
n → Niger m