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A country of western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea. A variety of states were established in the region prior to the arrival of Europeans, including the Bornu, Benin, and Songhai empires. Exploited by Portuguese, British, French, and Dutch traders in the 1600s and 1700s, Nigeria was eventually claimed by the British, who consolidated the area into one colony in 1914. The country attained its independence in 1960. In 1991, the seat of government was moved from Lagos to the new capital, Abuja.
Ni·ge′ri·an adj. & n.
(Placename) a republic in West Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea: Lagos annexed by the British in 1861; protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria formed in 1900 and united as a colony in 1914; gained independence as a member of the Commonwealth in 1960 (membership suspended from 1995 to 1999 following human rights violations); Eastern Region seceded as the Republic of Biafra for the duration of the severe civil war (1967–70); ruled by military governments from 1966. It consists of a belt of tropical rain forest in the south, with semidesert in the extreme north and highlands in the east; the main export is petroleum. Official language: English; Hausa, Ibo, and Yoruba are the chief regional languages. Religion: animist, Muslim, and Christian. Currency: naira. Capital: Abuja. Pop: 174 507 539 (2013 est). Area: 923 773 sq km (356 669 sq miles)
Ni•ge•ri•a(naɪˈdʒɪər i ə)
a republic in W Africa: member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 113,828,587; 356,669 sq. mi. (923,773 sq. km). Cap.: Abuja. Official name, Fed′eral Repub′lic of Nige′ria.
Ni•ge′ri•an, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Nigeria - a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; gained independence from Britain in 1960; most populous African country|
al Sunna Wal Jamma, Followers of the Phrophet - a resurgent Islamic fundamentalist organization based in Nigeria that is thought to be planning terrorist attacks
Ibadan - a large Yoruba city in southwestern Nigeria; site of a university
Katsina - a city in northern Nigeria; a major center of the Hausa people
Lagos - chief port and economic center of Nigeria; located in southwestern Nigeria on the Gulf of Guinea; former capital of Nigeria
Zaria - a city in north central Nigeria; agricultural trading center
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Nigerian - a native or inhabitant of Nigeria
Nigeria[naɪˈdʒɪərɪə] N → Nigeria f
n → Nigeria nt