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(Placename) transliteration of a Japanese name for Japan
n., adj., v. -panned, -pan•ning. n.
1. any of various durable black varnishes, orig. from Japan, for coating metal or other surfaces.
2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner.adj.
3. of or pertaining to japan.v.t.
4. to varnish with japan or japanlike material; lacquer.
1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 126,182,077; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon.
2. Sea of, the part of the Pacific Ocean between Japan and mainland Asia.
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|Noun||1.||Nihon - a constitutional monarchy occupying the Japanese Archipelago; a world leader in electronics and automobile manufacture and ship building|
harakiri, hara-kiri, harikari, seppuku - ritual suicide by self-disembowelment on a sword; practiced by samurai in the traditional Japanese society
sumo - a Japanese form of wrestling; you lose if you are forced out of a small ring or if any part of your body (other than your feet) touches the ground
go game, go - a board game for two players who place counters on a grid; the object is to surround and so capture the opponent's counters
shogi - a form of chess played on a board of 81 squares; each player has 20 pieces
acupressure, G-Jo, shiatsu - treatment of symptoms by applying pressure with the fingers to specific pressure points on the body
jiujitsu, jujitsu, jujutsu - a method of self-defense without weapons that was developed in China and Japan; holds and blows are supplemented by clever use of the attacker's own weight and strength
ninjitsu, ninjutsu - the traditional Japanese method of espionage; involves stealthy movements and the use of camouflage
karate - a traditional Japanese system of unarmed combat; sharp blows and kicks are given to pressure-sensitive points on the body of the opponent
origami - the Japanese art of folding paper into shapes representing objects (e.g., flowers or birds)
futon - mattress consisting of a pad of cotton batting that is used for sleeping on the floor or on a raised frame
kamikaze - a fighter plane used for suicide missions by Japanese pilots in World War II
Kammon Strait Bridge - a suspension bridge between Kyushu and Honshu
shoji - a translucent screen made of a wooden frame covered with rice paper
Shingon - a form of Buddhism emphasizing mystical symbolism of mantras and mudras and the Buddha's ideal which is inexpressible
Japanese - the language (usually considered to be Altaic) spoken by the Japanese
Ryukyuan - the language (related to Japanese) that is spoken by the people of the Ryukyu Islands
miso - a thick paste made from fermented soybeans and barley or rice malt; used in Japanese cooking to make soups or sauces
wasabi - the thick green root of the wasabi plant that the Japanese use in cooking and that tastes like strong horseradish; in powder or paste form it is often eaten with raw fish
sukiyaki - thin beef strips (or chicken or pork) cooked briefly at the table with onions and greens and soy sauce
sashimi - very thinly sliced raw fish
sushi - rice (with raw fish) wrapped in seaweed
tempura - vegetables and seafood dipped in batter and deep-fried
Aum, Aum Shinrikyo, Supreme Truth - a terrorist organization whose goal is to take over Japan and then the world; based on a religion founded in 1987 that combines elements of Buddhism with Christianity; "in 1995 Aum members released deadly sarin gas on a Tokyo subway train"
Chukaku-Ha - an ultra-leftist militant group founded in 1957 from the breakup of the Japanese Communist Party; includes a covert action wing; "Chukaku-Ha attacks tend to cause property damage rather than casualties"
Anti-Imperialist International Brigade, Japanese Red Army, JRA - a terrorist group organized in 1970 to overthrow the Japanese government and monarchy and to foment world revolution; is said to have close ties with Palestinian terrorists; "in 1972 the Japanese Red Army was responsible for a massacre at an airport in Israel"
yakuza - organized crime in Japan; an alliance of criminal organizations and illegal enterprises
diet - a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan)
prefecture - the district administered by a prefect (as in France or Japan or the Roman Empire)
Asahikawa - a city on western Hokkaido that is the center of a fertile agricultural area
Japanese capital, Tokio, Tokyo, Yeddo, Yedo, capital of Japan, Edo - the capital and largest city of Japan; the economic and cultural center of Japan
Nagano - a city in central Honshu to the northwest of Tokyo; site of a Buddhist shrine
Nagoya - an industrial city in southern Honshu
Omiya - a city of east central Honshu; a suburb of Tokyo
Osaka - port city on southern Honshu on Osaka Bay; a commercial and industrial center of Japan
Yokohama - port city on southeastern Honshu in central Japan
Naha City - the chief city in the Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands - a chain of 55 islands in the western Pacific to the to the southwest of Japan (returned by United States to Japan in 1972)
Kyoto - a city in central Japan on southern Honshu; a famous cultural center that was once the capital of Japan
Sapporo - a commercial city in northern Japan on western Hokkaido
Kitakyushu - a Japanese city on northern Kyushu