Nipah virus


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Related to Nipah virus: Nipah virus encephalitis

Nip·ah virus

 (nĭp′ə)
n.
A paramyxovirus that is transmitted to humans from other mammals, especially pigs, and causes fever and myalgias that can progress to encephalitis.

[After Nipah, the village near Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia where the death of a farm worker led to the identification of the virus.]
References in periodicals archive ?
The other five lethal diseases mentioned on the list of needing urgent action include: Lassa fever, MERS, SARS, Nipah virus and Rift Valley fever.
Nipah virus (NiV) is a batborne paramyxovirus (1,2) that causes encephalitis in humans.
CL4 laboratories have highly specialized construction and engineering controls and are equipped to safely diagnose, research, and develop treatments and vaccines for high risk pathogens, such as Ebola and Nipah virus.
In fact, many of the most dangerous new diseases in humans can be traced back to such food systems, among them Campylobacter, Nipah virus, Q fever, hepatitis E, and a variety of novel influenza variants.
This volume collects 28 cases of emerging infectious diseases: severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome associated with a novel bunyavirus, Bas-Congo virus, hantavirus, Lassa fever, Alkhurma hemorrhagic fever, Rift Valley fever, Lujo virus hemorrhagic fever, Toscana virus, Ebola virus, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, phlebotomus fever-sandfly fever, chikungunya fever, Nipah virus disease, Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus infection, human bocavirus, norovirus gastroenteritis, enterohemorrhagic E.
Manila: Butchering dead horses and eating their meat has been banned in the southern Philippines due to the reported deaths of people who contracted Nipah Virus in two villages in the southern Philippines in April.
Investigations of newly identified infectious diseases, such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Nipah virus infection, have historically been reactive, requiring the sudden application of resources to the investigation and control of an outbreak.
Recent studies indicate that more than three-fourths of communicable human diseases are zoonotic in origin (Woolhouse and Gowtage-Sequeria 2005), including diseases associated with significant mortality and morbidity such as avian influenza (H5N1), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Ebola virus, and Nipah virus.
Because, most of the mysterious disease comes from wild animal to human which was causing life threat especially rabies, anthrax, brucellosis, TB, swine flu, nipah virus, bird flu, and ebola virus.
In addition, the Nipah virus, which causes fatal encephalitis in up to 70% of human cases, is responsible for seasonal outbreaks in Asia with person-to-person transmission now becoming a primary mode of infection.
Recently there have been outbreaks of severe Acute Respiratory syndrome (SARS), Avian Influenza, Nipah virus, and dengue fever in the Southeast Asia Region.