2008; Langbein, 2012; Williams, 2003) and shown that the most present types of noise in GPS time series analysis is: Power - law plus white noise, white
noise only, a combination between white noise and random walk and a combination between white noise and flicker noise.
His topics include the pendulum with multiplicative noise, white
and colored noise, the stability of an oscillator with random mass, a probabilistic approach to a deterministic pendulum, and whether order and chaos are contradictory.
In interpreting of AE signals, the periodic components characterize, as a rule, deterministic noise, white
noise corresponds to random electronic noise, and the impulse components characterize the AE signals.