Followers of Novatian
denied that baptized Christians needed either law or gospel to lead them to repentance since forgiveness would not be granted to baptized Christians who committed sin (even if they repented).
Defending the legitimacy of the election of Cornelius as bishop of Rome against the charges made against it by his rival Novatian
, Cyprian wrote:
5, Fathers of the Third Century: Hippolytus, Cyprian, Caius, Novatian
, Appendix (Grand Rapids, Mich.
They included Novatian
, the priest who governed the diocese of Rome for more than a year between the death of Cornelius's predecessor, Fabian, and the election of Cornelius himself to the papacy.
In De Trinitate, chapter 5, Novatian
follows Tertullian's line in accepting that God really does exhibit and experience those emotions commonly thought of as negative, and he agrees that this is possible due to the difference between God's and man's substance: "If we read of His wrath, and consider certain descriptions of His indignation, and learn that hatred is asserted of Him, yet we are not to understand these to be asserted of Him in the sense in which they are human vices.
heretics of the third century considered any breach in the baptismal covenant to be completely irreparable; they "denied that any man could have [grace] again, after he had once lost it, by any deadly sin committed after Baptisme" (Sermons 5:86).
4; many places in Origen; Novatian
, De trinitate 19; Eusebius of Caesarea, Praeparatio evangelica 7.
The second type concerns a schism within a (local) catholic Church (such as in Rome at the time of Cornelius and Novatian
, or Antioch at the time of Meletius and Paulinus).
Hubmaier mentioned Novatian
twice in his writings, and agreed with Zwingli that he "acted badly" when he demanded re-baptism for the lapsed.
A third chapter focuses on leadership in the midst of crisis and conflict, first with reference to Cyprian and the supporters of Novatian
, then to the course of North African rigorist conflicts and their `resolution' by imperial and Latin ecclesiastical authorities, and finally with respect to the court of battles of Hilary and Ambrose against pro-Arian celebrities.
Disappointed by his loss to Cornelius in the Papal election of 251, the Roman priest Novatian
became head of the rigorist faction that condemned leniency to those who had evaded martyrdom, and was consecrated as the rival Bishop of Rome.
Little external information survives about their author, whose works are edited here: an Address on penance; a Sermon on baptism; two letters to a certain Simpronian, a follower of Novatian
and addressed as `frater'; and a treatise, often designated as a third `letter' to the same Simpronian, justifying Catholic claims.