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Related to Nuremberg Code: Nuremberg Trials, Belmont Report, Tuskegee Syphilis Study


 (no͝or′əm-bûrg′, nyo͝or′-) also Nürn·berg (no͝orn′bĕrk′, nürn′-)
A city of southeast Germany north-northwest of Munich. First mentioned in 1050, it became a free imperial city in the 1200s and a center of the German cultural renaissance in the 1400s and 1500s. From 1933 to 1938 it was the site of annual Nazi party congresses. Largely destroyed in World War II, the city served as the venue for the Allied trials of war criminals (1945-1946).


(Placename) a city in S Germany, in N Bavaria: scene of annual Nazi rallies (1933–38), the anti-Semitic Nuremberg decrees (1935), and the trials of Nazi leaders for their war crimes (1945–46); important metalworking and electrical industries. Pop: 493 553 (2003 est). German name: Nürnberg


(ˈnʊər əmˌbɜrg, ˈnyʊər-)

a city in central Bavaria, in SE Germany: site of international trials (1945–46) of Nazis accused of war crimes. 471,800. German, Nürn•berg (ˈnürnˌbɛrk)
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Nuremberg - a city in southeastern GermanyNuremberg - a city in southeastern Germany; site of Allied trials of Nazi war criminals (1945-46)
Deutschland, FRG, Germany, Federal Republic of Germany - a republic in central Europe; split into East Germany and West Germany after World War II and reunited in 1990
References in periodicals archive ?
These codes and guidelines include The Nuremberg Code (1949), the Declaration of Helsinki (1964-2000), The Belmont Report (US, 1979), Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) and/ World Health Organization (WHO) International Guidelines (1993, 2002) and the ICH/GCP International Conference on Harmonization--Good Clinical Practice (EU, 1996).
After the Second World War, and even after the establishment of the Nuremberg Code, America continued on its path toward implementing or revising eugenics programs.
Under the Nuremberg Code, coerced medical treatments of any kind are unethical.
2,6,11] Drs Ivy and Alexander drafted a ten-point memorandum entitled 'Permissible Medical Experimentation', [11] which thereafter became known as the Nuremberg Code (NC).
She discusses the Nuremberg Code, the syphilis study conducted at Tuskegee by the Public Health Service, the Belmont Report and other historical incidents and precedents that inform the base of our modern ethical frameworks.
Two American doctors, Andrew Ivy and Leo Alexander together with unnamed trial prosecutors put together the Nuremberg Code that entrenched informed consent in human research [Nuremberg Tribunal, 1948].
AAPS, which supports the Nuremberg Code for all treatments, not merely experimental ones, has long supported fully informed consent for patients.
Although there was resistance by bioscientists to restrictions on human-subject research, the United States eventually accepted the Nuremberg Code and established Institutional Review Boards, which effectively protect most volunteers in medical-research projects.
During the Nuremberg trials after the Second World War, an official ethical code for medical experiments regarding humans was drafted for the first time, the Nuremberg Code of 1947.
31) There is no discussion of what research was actually conducted by Nazi physicians in the concentration camps, of the prosecution of these physicians by American prosecutors to a court composed of American judges, or of the rationale for the Nuremberg Code and its direct application to the American military, American prisoners, and American researchers.
Historically, documents meant to address the ethical treatment of human subjects and research began with the Nuremberg Code, a 1947 landmark post-Nuremberg trial document that was developed by two American physicians who worked with the prosecution.
Even after the Nuremberg trials exposed the Nazi war crimes and the Nuremberg Code provided a clear statement of standards for research on human subjects, unethical research programs continued to be designed and conducted.