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A second "counterrevolutionary wrecking group" was discovered by the OGPU transport department in 1933 in the directorate of the railroad operations (ekspluatatsiia) and in its second operational district; its leaders were the directorate's deputy chief N.
Stalin's 1930 exhortation to "strike the kulak" (the "rich peasant grain-hoarder") became OGPU chief Iagoda's directive to his security police functionaries "The kulak must be destroyed as a class.
He ended his letter: "The removal of those Monarchist and Social Revolutionary doctors [whom he named] making presentations from positions of leadership should be agreed with the OGPU.
Even the secret police organisations, the Cheka and the OGPU, resorted in some instances to employing former members of the Tsarist secret police; Fredric Zuckerman, The Tsarist Secret Police in Russian Society, 1880-1917, New York University Press, New York, 1996, 249.
It eventually evolved into the GPU, OGPU, NKVD and, finally, the KGB.
Her extensive engagement with Iurii Druzhnikov, author of the major earlier work on Pavlik Morozov, best known in English as Informer 001, is respectful, acknowledging his research contribution, while at the same time situating his conclusions as an inversion of the older, official myth: if, in the Soviet version, Pavlik and his brother were murdered as a result of a kulak conspiracy, then in Druzhnikov's account Pavlik was murdered by the OGPU opportunists, generating a kind of counter-conspiracy and counter-mythmaking.
La autoria de este invento pertenecia al departamento especial numero dos de la KGB que en aquel entonces se llamaba OGPU.
After some unpleasant encounters with the OGPU (the forerunner of the KGB), Greshner returned to Australia in 1934, never to leave it again.
2003: The Economy of the OGPU, NKVD, and MVD of the USSR, 1930-1953: the Scale, Structure, and Trends of Development.
OGPU (the secret police) got wide extrajudicial rights to arrest, deport, and execute offenders in the cities.
Writers like Ruth Fischer and Franz Borkenau pointed out a generation ago that, for example, the OGPU and the Gestapo had decided that whatever the result of the Reichstag fire trial, the Bulgarian communist defendant Dimitrov would go free.
Applebaum insists that he carefully ensured that the camps fell within the remit of the OGPU, his police-state apparatus.
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