Old Testament


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Old Testament

n.
1. The first of the two main divisions of the Christian Bible, corresponding to the Hebrew Scriptures. See Table at Bible.
2. The covenant of God with Israel as distinguished in Christianity from the dispensation of Jesus constituting the New Testament.

Old Testament

n
(Bible) the collection of books comprising the sacred Scriptures of the Hebrews and essentially recording the history of the Hebrew people as the chosen people of God; the first part of the Christian Bible

Old′ Tes′tament


n.
1. the complete Bible of the Jews, comprising the Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa, being the first of the two main divisions of the Christian Bible.
2. the covenant between God and Israel on Mount Sinai, constituting the basis of the Hebrew religion. Ex. 19–24; Jer. 31:31–34; II Cor. 3:6, 14.
[1300–50; Middle English; translation of Late Latin Vetus Testamentum, translation of Greek Palaià Diathḗkē]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Old Testament - the collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen peopleOld Testament - the collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first half of the Christian Bible
golden calf - (Old Testament) an idol made by Aaron for the Israelites to worship; destroyed by Moses; it is now used to refer to anything worshipped undeservedly
laver - (Old Testament) large basin used by a priest in an ancient Jewish temple to perform ritual ablutions
Dead Sea scrolls - (Old Testament) a collection of written scrolls (containing nearly all of the Old Testament) found in a cave near the Dead Sea in the late 1940s; "the Dead Sea Scrolls provide information about Judaism and the Bible around the time of Jesus"
Christian Bible, Good Book, Holy Scripture, Holy Writ, Scripture, Bible, Word of God, Book, Word - the sacred writings of the Christian religions; "he went to carry the Word to the heathen"
Book of Genesis, Genesis - the first book of the Old Testament: tells of Creation; Adam and Eve; the Fall of Man; Cain and Abel; Noah and the flood; God's covenant with Abraham; Abraham and Isaac; Jacob and Esau; Joseph and his brothers
Book of Exodus, Exodus - the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses; God gave them the Ten Commandments and the rest of Mosaic law on Mount Sinai during the Exodus
Book of Leviticus, Leviticus - the third book of the Old Testament; contains Levitical law and ritual precedents
Book of Numbers, Numbers - the fourth book of the Old Testament; contains a record of the number of Israelites who followed Moses out of Egypt
Book of Joshua, Josue, Joshua - a book in the Old Testament describing how Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan (the Promised Land) after the death of Moses
Book of Judges, Judges - a book of the Old Testament that tells the history of Israel under the leaders known as judges
Book of Ruth, Ruth - a book of the Old Testament that tells the story of Ruth who was not an Israelite but who married an Israelite and who stayed with her mother-in-law Naomi after her husband died
1 Samuel, I Samuel - the first of two books in the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David
2 Samuel, II Samuel - the second of two books of the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David
1 Kings, I Kings - the first of two Old Testament books telling the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel
2 Kings, II Kings - the second of two Old Testament books telling the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel
Paralipomenon - (Old Testament) an obsolete name for the Old Testament books of I Chronicles and II Chronicles which were regarded as supplementary to Kings
1 Chronicles, I Chronicles - the first of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC
2 Chronicles, II Chronicles - the second of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC
Book of Ezra, Ezra - an Old Testament book telling of a rabbi's efforts in the 5th century BC to reconstitute Jewish law and worship in Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Nehemiah, Nehemiah - an Old Testament book telling how a Jewish official at the court of Artaxerxes I in 444 BC became a leader in rebuilding Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Esther, Esther - an Old Testament book telling of a beautiful Jewess who became queen of Persia and saved her people from massacre
Book of Job, Job - a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply
Book of Psalms, Psalms - an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of 150 Psalms
Book of Proverbs, Proverbs - an Old Testament book consisting of proverbs from various Israeli sages (including Solomon)
Book of Ecclesiastes, Ecclesiastes - an Old Testament book consisting of reflections on the vanity of human life; is traditionally attributed to Solomon but probably was written about 250 BC
Canticle of Canticles, Canticles, Song of Solomon, Song of Songs - an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of love poems traditionally attributed to Solomon but actually written much later
Book of Isaiah, Isaiah - an Old Testament book consisting of Isaiah's prophecies
Book of Jeremiah, Jeremiah - a book in the Old Testament containing the oracles of the prophet Jeremiah
Book of Lamentations, Lamentations - an Old Testament book lamenting the desolation of Judah after the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BC; traditionally attributed to the prophet Jeremiah
Book of Ezekiel, Ezechiel, Ezekiel - an Old Testament book containing Ezekiel's prophecies of the downfall of Jerusalem and Judah and their subsequent restoration
Book of Daniel, Book of the Prophet Daniel, Daniel - an Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar
Translations
Starý zákonNový zákon
Gamle TestamenteNye Testamente
Vanha testamentti
ÓszövetségÓtestamentum
testamenti
Antico Testamento
Stary Testament
《旧约全书》

Old Testament

n the Old Testamentil Vecchio Testamento

testament

(ˈtestəmənt) noun
a written statement especially of what one wants to be done with one's personal property after one dies. This is his last will and testament.
Old Testament, New Testament
the two main parts of the Bible.
References in classic literature ?
Yet even in the Old Testament, if you listen to David's harp, you shall hear as many hearse-like airs as carols; and the pencil of the Holy Ghost hath labored more in describing the afflictions of Job, than the felicities of Solomon.
The Bible itself was not much known to me at an age when most children have been obliged to read it several times over; the gospels were indeed familiar, and they have always been to me the supreme human story; but the rest of the New Testament I had not read when a man grown, and only passages of the Old Testament, like the story of the Creation, and the story of Joseph, and the poems of Job and Ecclesiastes, with occasional Psalms.
He himself translated the New Testament, and others helped him with the Old Testament, and so for the first time the people of England had the whole Bible in their own tongue.
I wish also to recall to memory an instance from the Old Testament applicable to this subject.
To the enquiries of Athelstane and Cedric, the old Jew could for some time only answer by invoking the protection of all the patriarchs of the Old Testament successively against the sons of Ishmael, who were coming to smite them, hip and thigh, with the edge of the sword.
The method of the League was to alternate a book of the Old Testament with a book of the New, and one night Philip came across these words of Jesus Christ:
And soberly he continued to regard the mate when he went aft and threatened to knock the "Song of Songs" and the rest of the Old Testament out of the black helmsman whose smile of teeth was as humbly gentle and placating as Jerry's had been when he made his appeal.
Of course, he read the Old Testament rather than the New.
In the Old Testament, no doubt, rewards and punishments are constantly appealed to as motives for action.
I am not a literary man, though very devoted to the Old Testament and also to the "Ingoldsby Legends.
Ah," said Adam, "I like to read about Moses best, in th' Old Testament.
This is Ahab, that's Jezebel," said Evie, who was one of those who name animals after the less successful characters of Old Testament history.