mental retardation

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Related to Oligophrenia: facilitated, solate

mental retardation

n. Often Offensive
Intellectual disability.

mental retardation

n
(Psychiatry) psychiatry the condition of having a low intelligence quotient (below 70)

men′tal retarda′tion


n.
a developmental disorder characterized in varying degrees by a subnormal ability to learn, a substantially low IQ, and impaired social adjustment.
[1900–15]

mental retardation

Below-average intellectual ability resulting from genetic defect, brain injury, or disease, and usually present from birth or early infancy.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.mental retardation - lack of normal development of intellectual capacities
stupidity - a poor ability to understand or to profit from experience
mental defectiveness, abnormality - retardation sufficient to fall outside the normal range of intelligence
mental deficiency, moronity - mild mental retardation
amentia, idiocy - extreme mental retardation
imbecility - retardation more severe than a moron but not as severe as an idiot
References in periodicals archive ?
Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia/aplasia, oligophrenia, ataxia, ocular coloboma and hepatic fibrosis, primary criteria, mental retardation, liver disorder (fibrosis and histological abnormalities), optic nerve or chorioretinal coloboma, nephronophthisis might be present.
Subjects were matched for age range (5-12 years) and intelligence range (slight oligophrenia to low normal IQ) to control group.
Participants were ostensibly healthy with no evidence of renal insufficiency, severe hepatic damage, neoplasia, oligophrenia, or dementia.