opportunistic infection

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opportunistic infection

n.
An infection by a microorganism or virus that normally does not cause disease but becomes pathogenic when the body's immune system is impaired, as in AIDS patients.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.opportunistic infection - any infection caused by a microorganism that does not normally cause disease in humans; occurs in persons with abnormally functioning immune systems (as AIDS patients or transplant patients receiving immunosuppressive drugs)
infection - the pathological state resulting from the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms
aspergillosis - an opportunistic infection by a fungus of the genus Aspergillus; characterized by inflammation and lesions of the ear and other organs
Translations
maladie opportuniste
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2 studies that evaluated the effect of adjunctive IL-2 therapy in addition to ART for previously treatment-naive patients with HIV infection, baseline median numbers of circulating CD4+ cells increased significantly, but expansion of CD4+ T cells was not associated with the reduction in the risk for opportunistic diseases or death (8).
identify and describe the availability and sources of supply of medications and supplies needed for treatment of HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment and/or prophylaxis of opportunistic diseases and laboratory maintenance treatment (the presence of ART and the period for which formed the stock of drugs, medicines for the treatment and/or prevention of opportunistic diseases and the term for
Throughout much of their married lives, their health has been fragile and has impacted their ability to provide for themselves while dealing with recurring diarrhea and malaria, persistent coughs and a host of opportunistic diseases.
TASHACK is more effective in reducing the high viral load, fighting opportunistic diseases but increases body immunity and leaves the body stronger.
From the physical pain of hunger to the eventual mental toll, the authors track the progression of severe malnutrition that leaves its victims vulnerable to opportunistic diseases.
Two retrospective studies, published before the SAPIT study started, showed reductions in mortality and new opportunistic diseases in patients starting ART during TB therapy compared with those who deferred ART.
The aim of this study was to analyze the cases, and reveal the most frequently occurring opportunistic diseases and their clinical and morphological characteristics in patients who died following HIV infection in the Smolensk region.
After 7 years in ESPRIT, researchers counted 158 new opportunistic diseases or deaths in the IL-2 group and 165 in the non-IL-2 group.
Providing a synthetic form of the immune system protein interleukin-2 (IL-2) to HIV-infected individuals already taking combination antiretroviral therapy boosts their numbers of CD4+ T cells, the key white blood cells destroyed by HIV, but fails to reduce their risk of HIV-associated opportunistic diseases or death compared with combination antiretroviral therapy alone.
LOS ANGELES -- The risk of nonopportunistic diseases in HIV-infected patients increases as CD4 counts fall, and the impact of such diseases overshadows that of opportunistic diseases at CD4 counts above 200 cells/mcL, said Dr.
Good nutrition strengthens the immune responses of people living with HIV/AIDS, helping them combat opportunistic diseases, successfully metabolize their medications, and minimize those medications' adverse side effects.
Treatment generally should begin before CD4 cell counts dip below 200/[micro]L, but treatment of potentially life-threatening opportunistic diseases may take precedence over antiretroviral therapy initiation.