Accurate diagnosis is important because a short therapeutic course can give immense relief to patients in cases of Thyroid ophthalmopathy, Pseudotumour, Orbital cellulitis
26%) patient each with acute dacryocystits, infected chalazion, inflamed pterygium, optic neuritis, orbital cellulitis
, vernal catarrh and uveitis-glaucoma-hyphema (UGH) syndrome.
Among a series of disorders that are characterized by the enlargement of intraorbital structures, mainly extraocular muscles, thyroid orbitopathy, lymphoproliferative diseases, metastatic conditions, parasitic infections, orbital cellulitis
, vasculitis, and arteriovenous malformations and OM can be listed (7).
The most common signs included fever (29%), hemi/monoparesis (31%), neck stiffness (26%) seizures (21%), altered level of consciousness (23%) and orbital cellulitis
This puts patients with maxillary sinus fractures at a theoretical risk of infectious complications, including sinusitis and orbital cellulitis
1) Intracranial complications involve meningitis, brain abscess, and cerebral empyemas, whereas ocular complications comprise preseptal or orbital cellulitis
, subperiosteal abscess, and cavernous sinus thrombosis.
Intrasinus wood foreign body causing orbital cellulitis
in congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis.
In the differential diagnosis of maxillofacial diseases, preseptal cellulitis, orbital cellulitis
, sinusitis, osteomyelitis, malignancies should be considered along with vasculitis involving the upper respiratory tract.
In rare instances, bacterial infection spread from the sinuses or the face can cause orbital cellulitis
, which needs urgent care.
Preseptal and orbital cellulitis
are severe childhood infections.
The majority of cases are unilateral, but bilateral orbital cellulitis
, which we'll discuss shortly, is the most dangerous condition related to this presentation (TABLE), (4,9,28-32) requiring inpatient management and ophthalmology referral.