organic compound

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Related to Organic chemicals: Inorganic chemicals
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
aldehyde - any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids
aliphatic compound - organic compound that is an alkane or alkene or alkyne or their derivative
alkylbenzene - organic compound that has an alkyl group bound to a benzene ring
alkyl halide, haloalkane - organic compound in which halogen atoms have been substituted for hydrogen atoms in an alkane
amino acid, aminoalkanoic acid - organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group; "proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
diamine - any organic compound containing two amino groups
enol - an organic compound that contains a hydroxyl group bonded to a carbon atom which in turn is doubly bonded to another carbon atom
halon - a compound in which the hydrogen atoms of a hydrocarbon have been replaced by bromine and other halogen atoms; very stable; used in fire extinguishers although it is thought to release bromine that depletes the ozone layer
peptone - any of various water-soluble compounds that form by hydrolysis in the digestion of proteins to amino acids
quaternary ammonium compound - a compound derived from ammonium with hydrogen atoms replaced by organic groups; used as surface-active agents, disinfectants, and in drugs
proenzyme, zymogen - any of a group of compounds that are inactive precursors of enzymes and require some change (such as the hydrolysis of a fragment that masks an active enzyme) to become active
propylthiouracil - a crystalline compound used as an antithyroid drug in the treatment of goiter
ether - any of a class of organic compounds that have two hydrocarbon groups linked by an oxygen atom
acetal - any organic compound formed by adding alcohol molecules to aldehyde molecules
aldehyde-alcohol, aldol - an oily colorless liquid obtained by the condensation of two molecules of acetaldehyde; contains an alcohol group (-OH) and an aldehyde group (-CHO)
alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
amide - any organic compound containing the group -CONH2
rennet - a substance that curdles milk in making cheese and junket
azadirachtin - insecticide
thiazine - a compound made up of a ring of four carbon atoms and one sulfur atom and one nitrogen atom
cacodyl, tetramethyldiarsine - a poisonous oily liquid with a garlicky odor composed of 2 cacodyl groups; undergoes spontaneous combustion in dry air
neurochemical - any organic substance that occurs in neural activity
acid anhydrides, acyl anhydrides - organic compounds that react with water to form an acid
acid halide, acyl halide - organic compounds containing the group -COX where X is a halogen atom
chemical compound, compound - (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
coal-tar creosote, creosote - a dark oily liquid obtained by distillation of coal tar; used as a preservative for wood
creosote - a colorless or yellowish oily liquid obtained by distillation of wood tar; used as an antiseptic
cyanide, nitril, nitrile - any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
cyanohydrin - any organic compound in which the cyano radical -CN and the hydroxyl radical -OH are attached to the same carbon atom
ester - formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
furan, furane, furfuran - a colorless toxic flammable liquid used in the synthesis of nylon
glycoside - a group of compounds derived from monosaccharides
resin, rosin - any of a class of solid or semisolid viscous substances obtained either as exudations from certain plants or prepared by polymerization of simple molecules
halocarbon - one of various compounds of carbon and any of the halogens
hemiacetal - an organic compound usually formed as an intermediate product in the preparation of acetals from aldehydes or ketones
erythrocytolysin, erythrolysin, haemolysin, hemolysin - any substance that can cause lysis (destruction) of erythrocytes (red blood cells) and the release of their hemoglobin
humic substance - an organic residue of decaying organic matter
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
ketone - any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
macromolecule, supermolecule - any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals
nitrobenzene - a poisonous oily water-soluble liquid used as a solvent and in the manufacture of aniline
oxime - any compound containing the group -C=NOH
petrochemical - any compound obtained from petroleum or natural gas
References in periodicals archive ?
is one of the leading chemical companies in Japan with diversified lines of activities, such as oleo & specialty chemicals, organic chemicals, explosives & propulsion, life science, food products, DDS and electronic materials, with sales in 2000 of 850 million euros (US$720 million; Yen 93 billion) and a workforce of 1,700.
Tap water contains trace quantities of potentially toxic organic chemicals, often a result of water-system chlorination.
Arch Chemicals acquired the wood protection, coatings and organic chemicals businesses of Hickson International in August of 2000.
Of the 125 exposed women, 75 had complained during pregnancy that organic chemicals were giving them headaches or breathing problems.
SynTec expands our technical capabilities in highly purified organic chemicals and provides access into several rapidly expanding markets, including electrophotography and OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diodes).
Few scientists had considered biological means of transport, yet ecotoxicologists now report that much of the DOT, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and other persistent organic chemicals in one seemingly pristine lake arrived via spawning salmon.
The Peboc plant will broaden the range of specialty organic chemicals product lines in our performance chemicals and intermediates business and will play a key role in leveraging our new chiral chemistry technologies," he said.
The plants were designed to remove other toxic substances called volatile organic chemicals, and are incapable of filtering chromium without costly upgrades, he said.
Eastman Chemical will begin manufacturing complex organic chemicals in Hong Kong for the Asia Pacific market.
Its SIC equivalent codes are: 2869 - Industrial Organic Chemicals, NEC (except aliphatics, carbon bisulfide, ethyl alcohol, cyclopropane, diethylcyclohexane, napthalene sulfonic acid, synthetic hydraulic fluids, and fluorocarbon gases); and 2899 - Chemicals and Chemical Preparations, NEC (fatty acids).
Contract award: supply of organic chemicals to de-ice roads airport for the winter season 2013/2014.
Table 28: Production of Organic Chemicals in the US (2009)