Organisms


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Organisms


Biology, Physiology. the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances from simpler ones. Cf. catabolism. — anabolic, adj.
a relationship or association between two or more organisms that is harmful to one of them. Cf. symbiosis.
the formation of chemical compounds by living organisms, either by synthesis or degradation. — biosynthetic, adj.
the science or study of biotypes, or organisms sharing the same hereditary characteristics. — biotypologic, biotypological, adj.
Biology, Physiology. the destructive processes of chemical ehange in living organisms, characterized by the breaking down of complex substances into simpler ones, with a release of energy. Cf. anabolism. — catabolic, adj.
1. the branch of biology that studies tissues of organisms.
2. the structure, especially the microscopic structure, of organic tissues. Also histiology.histologist, n.histologie, histological, adj.
any one of a large variety of microscopic or ultramicroscopic organisms, as bacteria, viruses, etc.
the theory that all organisms are descended from one original organism. — monogenetic, adj.
any living thing or anything that resembles a living thing in complexity of structure or function.
the study of the effects of climate on animal and plant life. — phenologist, phaenologist, n. — phenologic, phaenologic, phenological, phaenological, adj.
a relationship or association between two or more organisms that is harmful to none of them. — symbiotic, adj.
1. abiogenesis; spontaneous generation.
2. metagenesis, or alternation of generations.
3. production of an offspring entirely different from either of the parents. Also xenogeny.xenogenic, — xenogenetic, adj.
xenogenesis.
the state or quality of being bilaterally symmetrical, as certain organisms. — zygomorphic, zygomorphous, adj.
References in classic literature ?
In this lecture we shall be concerned with a very general characteristic which broadly, though not absolutely, distinguishes the behaviour of living organisms from that of dead matter.
As, therefore, in the case of animate bodies and organisms a certain magnitude is necessary, and a magnitude which may be easily embraced in one view; so in the plot, a certain length is necessary, and a length which can be easily embraced by the memory.
Their organisms did not sleep, any more than the heart of man sleeps.
Another fact of which he became convinced, after reading many scientific books, was that the men who shared his views had no other construction to put on them, and that they gave no explanation of the questions which he felt he could not live without answering, but simply ignored their existence and attempted to explain other questions of no possible interest to him, such as the evolution of organisms, the materialistic theory of consciousness, and so forth.
Nietzsche, recognising this same truth, would ascribe practically all the importance to the "highest functionaries in the organism, in which the life-will appears as an active and formative principle," and except in certain cases (where passive organisms alone are concerned) would not give such a prominent place to the influence of environment.
The only difference between organisms which annually produce eggs or seeds by the thousand, and those which produce extremely few, is, that the slow-breeders would require a few more years to people, under favourable conditions, a whole district, let it be ever so large.
The person reading was a trifle different; one would have said of him that he was of the world, worldly, albeit there was that in his attire which attested a certain fellowship with the organisms of his environment.
In the organism of states such men are necessary, as wolves are necessary in the organism of nature, and they always exist, always appear and hold their own, however incongruous their presence and their proximity to the head of the government may be.
While, therefore, an epic like the "Odyssey" is an organism and dramatic in structure, a work such as the "Theogony" is a merely artificial collocation of facts, and, at best, a pageant.
And experiences of the same kind are necessary for the individual to become conscious of himself; but here there is the difference that, although everyone becomes equally conscious of his body as a separate and complete organism, everyone does not become equally conscious of himself as a complete and separate personality.
I survived, through no personal virtue, but because I did not have the chemistry of a dipsomaniac and because I possessed an organism unusually resistant to the ravages of John Barleycorn.
He is then immediately taken from his proud yet sorrowing parents and adopted by some childless Equilateral, who is bound by oath never to permit the child henceforth to enter his former home or so much as to look upon his relations again, for fear lest the freshly developed organism may, by force of unconscious imitation, fall back again into his hereditary level.

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