broomrape

(redirected from Orobanche)
Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Orobanche: broomrape family

broom·rape

 (bro͞om′rāp′, bro͝om′-)
n.
Any of various parasitic herbs of the genus Orobanche, having purplish or yellowish flowers and small scalelike leaves that lack chlorophyll. Broomrape grows on the roots of various plants.

[Translation of Medieval Latin rāpum genistae : Latin rāpum, underground stock of a tree + Latin genistae, genitive of genista, broom (from the growth of these tubers on the roots of broom).]

broomrape

(ˈbruːmˌreɪp; ˈbrʊm-)
n
(Plants) any orobanchaceous plant of the genus Orobanche: brownish small-flowered leafless parasites on the roots of other plants, esp on legumes
[C16: adaptation and partial translation of Medieval Latin rāpum genistae tuber (hence: root nodule) of Genista (a type of broom plant)]

broom•rape

(ˈbrumˌreɪp, ˈbrʊm-)

n.
any of various parasitic plants living on the roots of broom and other plants.
[1570–80; partial translation of Medieval Latin rāpum genistae tuber of the broom plant]
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
The nitrogen-fixing bacteria Azospirillum brasilense has been reported to inhibit germination and radical growth of Orobanche aegyptiaca [5] and S.
Prohexadione-calcium induces sunflower (Helianthus annuus) resistance against the root parasitic weed Orobanche Cumana.
Communis+ in 5; Dorycnium hirsutum and Anthoxanthum ovatum +, Orobanche minor r; Aetheorhiza bulbosa 2 in 7; Erica scoparia, Cistus monspeliensis and Crataegus monogyna subsp.
Study and manipulation of the salicylic acid-dependent defense pathway in plants parasitized by Orobanche aegyptiaca Pers.
Also, glyphosate translocation in Helianthus annus did not differ and the herbicide remained in the treated leaves between Orobanche cumana-infested and non-infested plants (Diaz-Sanchez et al.
Tambien se encontraron individuos de tres plantas parasitas, una de ellas exotica: orobanche minor.
2002) as rbcL sequences were moved to the ndhF matrix as they correspond to that gene, (3) the inverse (reversed complement) sequence for accession number Z00044 (Nicotiana tabacum chloroplast genome) was used for the rpsl6 sequence, (4) accession number U73971 for Orobanche racemosa was not used because Bremer et al.
Selection of housekeeping genes for normalization by realtime RT-PCR: analysis of Or-MYB1 gene expression in Orobanche ramosa development.
The antioxidant activity of the methanolic and aqueous extracts of two parasitic plants Orobanche crenata and Orobanche foetida collected from faba bean fields was investigated with 2 complementary test systems DPPH (22- diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS (22-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid ) radical scavenging activities.
Yagoub, "Effect of NaCl on Orobanche spp and Strigahermonthica seeds germination during and after conditioning," Bioscience Research, vol.