Palladianism


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Related to Palladianism: Palladian motif

Palladianism

the classical style evolved by the 16th-century architect Andrea Palladio, featuring harmonic proportion based upon mathematics, extensive use of porticos, a neat contrast between openness and solidity, and features of Roman decoration; partially influential today in the so-called “Palladian motif,” a window or other opening consisting of a central high arch flanked by lower rectangular areas, the whole supported by four columns (a feature actually invented before Palladio’s time and used only sparingly by him).
See also: Architecture
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The real problem, however, is that Palladianism is never explicitly defined.
Historic Properties: Preservation and the Valuation Process gives an extremely detailed explanation of all the main historical building styles in the United States, including colonial era Spanish, English, Dutch, and French architectural styles; Colonial Georgian, American Pre-Federalist, Palladianism, and the Federalist styles of the eighteenth century; Greek revival, Shaker, Industrial Era, Victorian, Gothic revival, Romanesque revival, Renaissance revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Queen Anne, Shingle, Academic Eclecticism, and Chicago School styles of the nineteenth century; and Progressivism, Prairie, Craftsman, Art Moderne, Modernism, Ranch, and Post-Modernism styles of the twentieth century.
In charting the building of one such house, Patrick Walsh provides an overview of the construction of Castletown House, County Kildare, an oft-cited example of early Irish palladianism at its best.
At the time of independence, Palladianism was the fashionable architectural style.
Brick garden walls describe a series of courtyards and of rooms in a landscape, more bucolic than Palladio and more real than English Palladianism.
He was a brilliant Scottish architect/interior designer who together with his brothers, transformed the severe English Palladianism of the early C18th into an elegant series of variations based upon diverse classical originals.
New Light on English Palladianism (London, 1990), 31-49; E.
There are echoes of the work of Robert Adam in this, and of English Palladianism, but Cameron's Neoclassicism was also inventive and resourceful.
Palladianism spread north to Britain, east to Russia, and west to America, promoted by Palladio's The Four Books on Architecture, which provided Thomas Jefferson, third president of the United States, with his architectural bible.