In a paper published Sunday, scientists think the answer lies with an extinct distant ancestor called Paranthropus boisei
Meru also exists near the Tanzanian Olduvai Gorge, the famous archaeological site of human evolution, where the fossils of the early human species Homo habilis, Paranthropus boisei
, Homo erectus, and Homo sapiens have been found.
The pinky provides further information about the descent of pre-human hominins from the trees to the ground, and belongs to a transitionary species between Homo sapiens and smaller species like Homo habilis and Paranthropus boisei
The 3-D designer based in Sinop, Brazil, has digitally reconstructed the faces of over 15 extinct hominid species, including Paranthropus boisei
, a distant cousin to modern humans.
34 million years old and belonging to Paranthropus boisei
at the Olduvai Gorge World Heritage fossil site in Tanzania.
Richard originally made his mark in the late 1960s and '70s with expeditions that discovered Paranthropus boisei
, Homo habilis and Homo erectus skulls as well as the discovery of Turkana Boy in 1984.
Coon divides the races into five categories--Australoid, Mongoloid, Caucasoid, Congoid, and Capoids--and supports his thesis with photographs of African persons in close proximity to photographs of lemurs, chimpanzees, and gorillas (plates 8-16), as well as comparative analyses of skulls and bone fragments of the early hominin Paranthropus boisei
and Australian aborigines (plate 23).
Professor Robert Winston follows the lives of two species - Paranthropus boisei
and Homo habilis - both of which embody two alternative ways of ape- man life.
UGG-LY MUGS: A pair of Paranthropus boisei
on the prowl; CAVEMAN CALLING: David Rubin rings the changes
A team led by paleoanthropologist Manuel Dominguez-Rodrigo of Coroplutense University of Madrid unearthed nine teeth and large parts of two arm bones and two leg bones from an adult male Paranthropus boisei
Published in the journal PLOS ONE, the researchers said the fossil represents one of the most recent occurrences of Paranthropus boisei
, a very early species of hominin.
While the hominids from the genus Homo that evolved from australopithecines like the 3 million-year-old fossil Lucy-considered by many the matriarch of modern humans-were broadening their food choices, a short, upright hominid known as Paranthropus boisei
that lived side by side with them in eastern Africa was diverging toward a more specific, C4 diet.