Persia


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Related to Persia: Babylon, XERXES, History of Persia, Ancient Persia

Per·sia

 (pûr′zhə)
1. also Persian Empire A vast empire of southwest Asia founded by Cyrus II after 546 bc and brought to the height of its power and glory by Darius I and his son Xerxes. Eventually the empire extended from the Indus River valley in present-day Pakistan to the Mediterranean Sea before Alexander the Great conquered it between 333 and 331 bc.
2. See Iran.

Persia

(ˈpɜːʃə)
n
1. (Placename) the former name (until 1935) of Iran
2. (Historical Terms) another name for Persian Empire

Per•sia

(ˈpɜr ʒə, -ʃə)

n.
1. Also called Persian Empire. an ancient empire located in W and SW Asia: at its height it extended from Egypt and the Aegean to India; conquered by Alexander the Great 334–331 B.C.
2. former official name (until 1935) of Iran.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Persia - an empire in southern Asia created by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC and destroyed by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BCPersia - an empire in southern Asia created by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC and destroyed by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC
Asia - the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
peri - (Persian folklore) a supernatural being descended from fallen angels and excluded from paradise until penance is done
2.Persia - a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western AsiaPersia - a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil
MEK, MKO, Mujahidin-e Khalq Organization, People's Mujahidin of Iran - a terrorist organization formed in the 1960s by children of Iranian merchants; sought to counter the Shah of Iran's pro-western policies of modernization and opposition to communism; following a philosophy that mixes Marxism and Islam it now attacks the Islamic fundamentalists who deposed the Shah
OPEC, Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries - an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
Usuli - a religious movement by Persian Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iran that is opposed to the Akhbari; "Usuli Shiism produced the politically active caste of priests that is a distinctive feature of Iranian Shiism"
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Gulf States - the countries in southwestern Asia that border the Persian Gulf
capital of Iran, Iranian capital, Teheran, Tehran - the capital and largest city of Iran; located in northern Iran
Abadan - a port city in southwestern Iran
Bam - an ancient city in southeastern Iran; destroyed by an earthquake in 2003
Mashhad, Meshed - the holy city of Shiite Muslims; located in northeastern Iran
Aspadana, Esfahan, Isfahan - city in central Iran; former capital of Persia
Rasht, Resht - city in northwestern Iran near the Caspian Sea
Shiraz - a city in central southwestern Iran; ruins of ancient Persepolis are nearby
Tabriz - an ancient city in northwestern Iran; known for hot springs
Orumiyeh, Urmia - a city on the western side of Lake Urmia in northwestern Iran
Qum - a city in northwestern Iran; a place of pilgrimage for Shiite Muslims
Persepolis - an ancient city that was the capital of the ancient Persian Empire; now in ruins
Kurdistan - an extensive geographical region in the Middle East to the south of the Caucasus
Dasht-e-Kavir, Great Salt Desert, Kavir Desert - a salt desert in north central Iran
Dasht-e-Lut, Lut Desert - a desert in eastern Iran
Demavend - an active volcano in northern Iran
Asia - the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
Caspian, Caspian Sea - a large saltwater lake between Iran and Russia fed by the Volga River; the largest inland body of water in the world
Daryacheh-ye Orumiyeh, Lake Urmia, Urmia - a shallow saline lake in northwestern Iran between Tabriz and the western border of Turkey
Irani, Iranian, Persian - a native or inhabitant of Iran; "the majority of Irani are Persian Shiite Muslims"
ayatollah - a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well
Translations
Persia
ペルシアペルシャ
Persia
Persja
Pérsia
Perzia

Persia

[ˈpɜːʃə] N (Hist) → Persia f

Persia

[ˈpɜːrʃə] nPerse f

Persia

nPersien nt

Persia

[ˈpɜːʃə] nPersia
References in classic literature ?
As it seemed to me at the time, such a grand embodiment of adoration of the gods was never beheld, even in Persia, the home of the fire worshippers.
Omar Khay'am, the poet-prophet of Persia, writing more than eight hundred years ago, has said:
The Poet wandering on, through Arabie And Persia, and the wild Carmanian waste, And o'er the aerial mountains which pour down Indus and Oxus from their icy caves--" and that other passage beginning
Gertrude had never been in Persia, but had seen some Eastern billiard cues in the India museum.
He satisfied my curiosity, for Erik, who is a real monster--I have seen him at work in Persia, alas--is also, in certain respects, a regular child, vain and self-conceited, and there is nothing he loves so much, after astonishing people, as to prove all the really miraculous ingenuity of his mind.
In the chronicles of the ancient dynasty of the Sassanidae, who reigned for about four hundred years, from Persia to the borders of China, beyond the great river Ganges itself, we read the praises of one of the kings of this race, who was said to be the best monarch of his time.
In Persia the telephone made its entry recently in true comic-opera fashion.
This,' they will say, 'is he who vanquished in single combat the gigantic Brocabruno of mighty strength; he who delivered the great Mameluke of Persia out of the long enchantment under which he had been for almost nine hundred years.
Even in the midst of defensive and dangerous wars with Persia and Macedon, the members never acted in concert, and were, more or fewer of them, eternally the dupes or the hirelings of the common enemy.
It was well said by Themistocles, to the king of Persia, That speech was like cloth of Arras, opened and put abroad; whereby the imagery doth appear in figure; whereas in thoughts they lie but as in packs.
It suggested, rather, some archaic headdress of Persia or Babylon.
The King of Persia also very often reduces the Medes and Babylonians when they assume upon their former power: [1284b] and this is a principle which all governments whatsoever keep in their eye; even those which are best administered, as well as those which are not, do it; these for the sake of private utility, the others for the public good.