Peru


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Peru

Pe·ru

 (pə-ro͞o′)
A country of western South America on the Pacific Ocean. Inhabited since at least the 9th millennium bc, it was the center of the Inca Empire after the 12th century ad. Francisco Pizarro's conquest of the Inca in 1533 led to the establishment in 1542 of the Spanish viceroyalty of Peru, which in time included Panama and all of Spanish South America except Venezuela. Peru achieved full independence from Spain in 1824. Lima is the capital and the largest city.

Pe·ru′vi·an (-vē-ən) adj. & n.

Peru

(pəˈruː)
n
(Placename) a republic in W South America, on the Pacific: the centre of the great Inca Empire when conquered by the Spanish in 1532; gained independence in 1824 by defeating Spanish forces with armies led by San Martín and Bolívar; consists of a coastal desert, rising to the Andes; an important exporter of minerals and a major fishing nation. Official languages: Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara. Official religion: Roman Catholic. Currency: nuevo sol. Capital: Lima. Pop: 29 849 303 (2013 est). Area: 1 285 215 sq km (496 222 sq miles)

Pe•ru

(pəˈru)

n.
a republic in W South America. 26,624,582; 496,222 sq. mi. (1,285,215 sq. km.) Cap.: Lima.
Spanish, Pe•rú (pɛˈru)
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Peru - a republic in western South AmericaPeru - a republic in western South America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; was the heart of the Inca empire from the 12th to 16th centuries
Sendero Luminoso, Shining Path, SL - a terrorist group formed in Peru in the late 1960s as a splinter group from the communist party of Peru; is among the most ruthless guerilla organizations in the world; seeks to destroy Peruvian institutions and replace them with a Maoist peasant regime; is involved in the cocaine trade; "Shining Path has been responsible for 30,000 deaths"
Movimiento Revolucionario Tupac Anaru, MRTA, Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement - a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization in Peru; was formed in 1983 to overthrow the Peruvian government and replace it with a Marxist regime; has connections with the ELN in Bolivia
OAS, Organization of American States - an association including most countries in the western hemisphere; created in 1948 to promote military and economic and social and cultural cooperation
Inka, Inca - the small group of Quechua living in the Cuzco Valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors in order to create an empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s
Arequipa - a city in southern Peru founded in 1540 on the site of an ancient Inca city
capital of Peru, Lima - capital and largest city and economic center of Peru; located in western Peru; was capital of the Spanish empire in the New World until the 19th century
Machu Picchu - Inca fortress city in the Andes in Peru discovered in 1911; it may have been built in the 15th century
El Misti - the world's 2nd largest active volcano; located in the Andes in southern Peru
Huainaputina - an inactive volcano in the Andes in southern Peru; last erupted in 1783
Amazon River, Amazon - a major South American river; arises in the Andes and flows eastward into the South Atlantic; the world's 2nd longest river (4000 miles)
Andes - a mountain range in South America running 5000 miles along the Pacific coast
Coropuna - a mountain peak in the Andes in Peru (21,083 feet high)
Huascaran - a mountain in the Andes in Peru (22,205 feet high)
South America - a continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama
Yerupaja - a mountain peak in the Andes in Peru (21,709 feet high)
Peruvian - a native or inhabitant of Peru
Translations
Peru
Peru
Peru
Peru
Peru
ペルー
페루
Peru
Peru
ประเทศเปรู
nước Peru

Peru

[pəˈruː] NPerú m

Peru

[pəˈruː] nPérou m

Peru

nPeru nt

Peru

[pəˈruː] nPerù m

Peru

بِيرُو Peru Peru Peru Περού Perú Peru Pérou Peru Perù ペルー 페루 Peru Peru Peru Peru Перу Peru ประเทศเปรู Peru nước Peru 秘鲁
References in classic literature ?
He was on the steamer when I went down to Peru to help the Titus Brothers dig the big tunnel.
It was the whaleman who first broke through the jealous policy of the Spanish crown, touching those colonies; and, if space permitted, it might be distinctly shown how from those whalemen at last eventuated the liberation of Peru, Chili, and Bolivia from the yoke of Old Spain, and the establishment of the eternal democracy in those parts.
I have seen doubloons before now in my voyagings; your doubloons of old Spain, your doubloons of Peru, your doubloons of Chili, your doubloons of Bolivia, your doubloons of Popayan; with plenty of gold moidores and pistoles, and joes, and half joes, and quarter joes.
Stuffed birds from Africa, porcelain monsters from China, silver ornaments and utensils from India and Peru, mosaic work from Italy, and bronzes from France, were all heaped together pell-mell with the coarse deal boxes and dingy leather cases which served to pack them for traveling.
My second brother is in Peru, so wealthy that with what he has sent to my father and to me he has fully repaid the portion he took with him, and has even furnished my father's hands with the means of gratifying his natural generosity, while I too have been enabled to pursue my studies in a more becoming and creditable fashion, and so to attain my present standing.
There were also heaped up the products of a commerce which extends to Mexico, Chili, Peru, Brazil, Europe, Asia, and all the Pacific islands.
taste this, and the mines of Peru, Guzerat, and Golconda are opened to you.
They discovered Peru, those people did, and -- what the devil
Lawrence, soon found that in the rich peltries of the interior, they had sources of wealth that might almost rival the mines of Mexico and Peru.
Those settlers in Peru and Mexico have skins as yellow as the gold which they dig out of their mines.
Clytia - The Chrysanthemum Peruvianum, or, to employ a better-known term, the turnsol - which continually turns towards the sun, covers itself, like Peru, the country from which it comes, with dewy clouds which cool and refresh its flowers during the most violent heat of the day.
He spoke little of his own exploits in Brazil and Peru, but it was a revelation to me to find the excitement which was caused by his presence among the riverine natives, who looked upon him as their champion and protector.