Philistine

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Phil·is·tine

 (fĭl′ĭ-stēn′, fĭ-lĭs′tĭn, -tēn′)
n.
1. A member of a people, perhaps of Aegean origin, who settled ancient Philistia around the 12th century bc.
2. often philistine A person who is smugly indifferent or hostile to art and culture.
adj.
1. Of or relating to ancient Philistia.
2. often philistine Relating to or having the attitudes of a philistine: "our plastic, violent culture, with its philistine tastes and hunger for novelty" (Lloyd Rose).

[From Middle English Philistines, Philistines, from Late Latin Philistīnī, from Greek Philistīnoi, from Hebrew Pəlištîm, from Pəlešet, Philistia.]
Word History: The ultimate origin of the Philistines, the inhabitants of the ancient city-states of Philistia (located in what is now the Gaza Strip and the southern Mediterranean coast of Israel), is not known, although some archaeological evidence links them with ancient peoples of the Aegean region and Anatolia. The English name of this people, the Philistines, ultimately comes from Hebrew Pəlištîm, which is in turn derived from Pəlešet, the Hebrew name for Philistia. In fact, the word Palestine, the more recent historical designation for the entire region between Lebanon and Egypt, also derives from the ancient name of Philistia. Strategically located on a trade route from Egypt to Syria, the cities of Philistia formed a loose confederacy important in biblical times, and the Bible depicts the Philistines as engaged in a struggle with the tribes of Israel for ascendancy in the region. The mighty Israelite warrior Samson, for example, fought with the Philistines on several occasions and was betrayed by his Philistine lover, Delilah. During the 1600s, as a result of the negative depiction of the Philistines in the Bible, the word philistine came to be applied figuratively to anyone considered an enemy. However, the modern sense of the word, "uncultured person," stems from the slang of German university students in the 1600s. Students used Philister, the German equivalent of the English word Philistine, to refer to nonstudents and hence uncultured or materialistic people. At a memorial service in 1693 for a student killed during a town-gown quarrel in Jena, for example, a minister preached a sermon from the text "Philister über dir Simson!" ("The Philistines be upon thee, Samson!")—the words of Delilah to Samson after she attempted to render him powerless before the Philistines. The German usage was eventually picked up in English in the early 1800s.

Philistine

(ˈfɪlɪˌstaɪn)
n
1. a person who is unreceptive to or hostile towards culture, the arts, etc; a smug boorish person
2. (Peoples) a member of the non-Semitic people who inhabited ancient Philistia
adj
3. (sometimes not capital) boorishly uncultured
4. (Peoples) of or relating to the ancient Philistines
Philistinism n

phil•is•tine

(ˈfɪl əˌstin, -ˌstaɪn, fɪˈlɪs tɪn, -tin)

n.
1. (sometimes cap.) a person who is lacking in or smugly indifferent to culture, aesthetic refinement, etc., or is contentedly commonplace in ideas and tastes.
2. (cap.) a member of a maritime people of Anatolian or Aegean origin who controlled SW Palestine from c1200 to 604 b.c.
adj.
3. (sometimes cap.) lacking in or indifferent to cultural values; uncultivated or smugly conventional.
4. (cap.) of or pertaining to the ancient Philistines.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin Philistīnī (pl.) < Late Greek Philistînoi < Hebrew pəlishtīm; (definition 1) translation of German Philister]
phil′is•tin•ism, n.

Philistine

A people who were the enemies of the Israelites in their settlement of the Promised Land in the Old Testament.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Philistine - a person who is uninterested in intellectual pursuitsphilistine - a person who is uninterested in intellectual pursuits
pleb, plebeian - one of the common people
2.Philistine - a member of an Aegean people who settled ancient Philistia around the 12th century BC
denizen, dweller, habitant, inhabitant, indweller - a person who inhabits a particular place
Adj.1.Philistine - of or relating to ancient Philistia or its culture or its people
2.philistine - smug and ignorant and indifferent or hostile to artistic and cultural values
nonintellectual - not intellectual

philistine

noun
1. boor, barbarian, yahoo, lout, bourgeois, hoon (Austral. & N.Z.), ignoramus, lowbrow, vulgarian The man's a total philistine when it comes to the arts.
adjective

Philistine

also philistine
noun
An unrefined, rude person:
adjectivephilistine also Philistine
Translations
barbarFilištínšosák
spidsborger
filistealainenfilisterimoukkamoukkamainen
filiszterfiliszteus
filisterfilisterskiFilistynfilistyński

Philistine

[ˈfɪlɪstaɪn]
A. ADJ
1. (lit) → filisteo
2. (fig) → inculto
B. N
1. (lit) → filisteo/a m/f
2. (fig) → inculto/a m/f

philistine

[ˈfɪlɪstaɪn]
nphilistin m
adj [person, organization] → philistin adj m, de philistins

philistine

adj (fig)kulturlos, philisterhaft (geh); tell that philistine friend of yours …sag deinem Freund, diesem Banausen
n
(lit) PhilistinePhilister(in) m(f)
(fig)Banause m, → Banausin f, → Philister(in) m(f) (geh)

Philistine

[ˈfɪlɪˌstaɪn] adjfilisteo/a
References in classic literature ?
Without removing the safeguards form his ears, the master of song complied, and together they pursued their way toward what David was sometimes wont to call the "tents of the Philistines.
In fact, placed before the strict and piercing truth, this whole story will fare like that fish, flesh, and fowl idol of the Philistines, Dagon by name; who being planted before the ark of Israel, his horse's head and both the palms of his hands fell off from him, and only the stump or fishy part of him remained.
de Treville felt himself something like Samson before the Philistines.
Where now are the Philistines, who so often held the children of Israel in bondage?
for verily the Philistines have either still hold upon the basket, or the Lord hath softened their hearts to place therein a beast of good weight
When Epstein, the agent, wrote to say that the allegory had been purchased by a Glasgow plutocrat of the name of Bates for one hundred and sixty guineas, Sellers' views on Philistines and their crass materialism and lack of taste underwent a marked modification.
Macaulay was the most brilliant of those whom the Germans have named Philistines, the people for whom life consists of material things; specifically he was the representative of the great body of middle-class early-Victorian liberals, enthusiastically convinced that in the triumphs of the Liberal party, of democracy, and of mechanical invention, the millennium was being rapidly realized.
Yet suppose that this change had come to pass, and that all of us were public-spirited citizens; in spite of our comfortable lives among trivialities, should we not be in a fair way to become the most wearied, wearisome, and unfortunate race of philistines under the sun?
I looked, I thought, like Saul, who complained not only that the Philistines were upon him, but that God had forsaken him; for I did not now take due ways to compose my mind, by crying to God in my distress, and resting upon His providence, as I had done before, for my defence and deliverance; which, if I had done, I had at least been more cheerfully supported under this new surprise, and perhaps carried through it with more resolution.
Do tell, now, cried Bildad, is this Philistine a regular member of Deacon Deuteronomy's meeting?
he hath conquered, and the uncircumcised Philistine hath fallen before his lance, even as Og the King of Bashan, and Sihon, King of the Amorites, fell before the sword of our fathers
Oh, Basil is the best of fellows, but he seems to me to be just a bit of a Philistine.