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A historical region of central Greece north of the Gulf of Corinth. In early times (before 590 bc) it controlled the oracle at Delphi. The region was ultimately conquered by Philip II of Macedon.


(Placename) an ancient district of central Greece, on the Gulf of Corinth: site of the Delphic oracle


(ˈfoʊ sɪs)

an ancient district in central Greece, N of the Gulf of Corinth: site of Delphic oracle.
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The Phocians having ploughed up some consecrated ground belonging to the temple of Apollo, the Amphictyonic council, according to the superstition of the age, imposed a fine on the sacrilegious offenders.
With him went the horse-driving Boeotians, breathing above their shields, and the Locrians who fight hand to hand, and the gallant Phocians eager for war and battle.
Harmocydes similarly urges the Phocians to battle not with the rhetoric of freedom but with a steely admonition to courage at the edge of the abyss:
The author also presents the primary reason for Phillip's defeat at the hands of the Phocians during the Sacred War as a result of Phillip being ambushed by massed "stone-throwing catapults.
1-5) the Ainians, together with the Ionians, Dolopes, Thessalians, Magnesians, Malians, Phthiotians, Dorians, Phocians and Locrians who border on Phocis, had constituted the original League.