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(ˈfoʊ ʃi ən, -ˌɒn)

402?–317 B.C., Athenian statesman and general.
References in classic literature ?
As we turned and moved again through the temple, I wished that the illustrious men who had sat in it in the remote ages could visit it again and reveal themselves to our curious eyes--Plato, Aristotle, Demosthenes, Socrates, Phocion, Pythagoras, Euclid, Pindar, Xenophon, Herodotus, Praxiteles and Phidias, Zeuxis the painter.
Landscape with the gathering of the Ashes of Phocion - Nicolas Poussin is a really important artist.
He discusses the origins of the negative image, ideology, oligarchy, democracy, whether the general Phocion was good or bad, whether Stratocles of Diomeia was an audacious buffoon or shamelessly bold, and whether Callippus of Eleusis was a tin-pot general or a The Generalissimo.
ALEXANDER HAMILTON, A Letter from Phocion to the Considerate
In "Landscape with the Ashes of Phocion", Poussin recounts the conclusion of a political tragedy in which the Athenian general Phocion, a nearly ideal man--military hero, pithy orator, and figure of moral rectitude--has been destroyed by foreign intrigue and mob rule.
The play of views and reflections, the sparse, Mies designed furniture, the cylindrical brick bathroom cum-hearth, and the sole painting, Burial of Phocion, 1648, attributed to Nicolas Poussin--chosen by Johnson for its precise, idealized approach to landscape--combine to form a Zen koan of domestic design.
In recounting the fateful day in October 1434 when Rinaldo degli Albizzi and his followers were dissuaded by Giovanni Vitelleschi, the representative of Eugenius IV, from using force to seize the Signoria, Filelfo brings in a classical parallel derived from Plutarch's Life of Phocion in which the counsel of an impetuous Greek leader, Leosthenes, is compared to trees that bore no fruit: so also Eugenius's counsel may have seemed correct at the time--a strategy for avoiding upheaval or revolution in Florence--but it proved harmful to the aristocrats and hence brought no advantage.
Harvest (1995-97) redoes a detail from the background of Nicolas Poussin's Summer, or, Ruth and Boaz (1660-64), brightening the tonality; and After Poussin (1995) reworks Landscape with the Body of Phocion Carried out of Athens (1648) into a very dark image indeed.
Landscape with the Ashes of Phocion is one of the great paintings in the Walker, a work by the Frenchborn painter Nicolas Poussin (15941665) which celebrates his taste for classical subjects and his wonderful ability with landscapes.