SOBIESZEK, "Sculpture as the Sumo f Its Profiles: Franqois Willeme and Photosculpture
in France, 1859-1868", The Art Bulletin, vol.
In villiers de L'Isle-Adam's L'Eve future (1886), the model is replaced by an android simulacrum composed by referring to a photograph or photosculpture
, The "solution" to the "problem" of the female nude (as Edouard Daelen writes in La Moralite du nu (1905)) is found in photographic reviews, for modern photography "combines, in a paradox worthy of modernity, the aesthetic pretensions of painting (including use of the model) and the consumer-oriented demands of industrial capitalism (including its demand for images of women)" (237).
It was after these shows that Centre Pompidou in Paris purchased the Photosculptures
series, and other important museums became interested in her work.
She calls her pieces photosculptures
and viewers will have fun looking at what she has created and using their imagination to see different shapes and forms in what are basically abstract works with the chews gum attached to wooden or concrete supports.
At Documenta 12, Szapocznikow was represented by her Photosculptures
of 1971 (Fig.
, 1971 (previously shown at 2007's Documenta), consisted of twenty black-and-white photographs demonstrating the ways such simple acts as gum-chewing can leave strangely touching traces of human physicality.