(redirected from Picornaviridae)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Picornaviridae: Togaviridae, Retroviridae, Caliciviridae, Astroviridae


 (pē-kôr′nə-vī′rəs, pĭ-)
n. pl. pi·cor·na·vi·rus·es
Any of a group of very small viruses, including the enteroviruses and the rhinoviruses, that infect animals and consist of RNA surrounded by an icosahedral protein shell.

[pico- + RNA + virus.]


(Microbiology) any one of a group of small viruses that contain RNA; the group includes polioviruses, rhinoviruses, coxsackie viruses, and the virus that causes foot-and-mouth disease
[C20: from pico + RNA + virus]


(pɪˈkɔr nəˌvaɪ rəs, -ˌkɔr nəˈvaɪ-)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several small, RNA-containing viruses of the family Picornaviridae, including poliovirus and the rhinoviruses that cause the common cold.
[1960–65; pico- (in the sense “very small”) + RNA + virus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.picornavirus - a group of single-strand RNA viruses with a protein coat
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
enterovirus - any of a group of picornaviruses that infect the gastrointestinal tract and can spread to other areas (especially the nervous system)
rhinovirus - any of a group of picornaviruses that are responsible for many upper respiratory infections
References in periodicals archive ?
Human parechoviruses (HPeVs) are small, nonenveloped, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA viruses classified in the genus Parechovirus of the family Picornaviridae (1).
Currently, the Picornaviridae family contains 37 species grouped into 17 genera.
Bioaron C[R] inhibited the replication of human rhinovirus and coxsackievirus, both viruses belonging to the family of picornaviridae and both representing non-enveloped RNA viruses.
The causative agent of FMD is the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), which is an aphthovirus of the family Picornaviridae (Belsham, 1993).
Many RNA viruses, like members of the Picornaviridae family, were also detected.
The genus enterovirus belongs to the family picornaviridae comprising 66 human serotypes that are classified into 5 groups: (i) poliovirus serotypes 1-3; (if) human enterovirus A (HEV-A), including 11 serotypes of coxsackievirus A and EV 71; (iii) human enterovirus B (HEV-B) with 38 serotypes including all coxsackievirus B, all echoviruses, EV69, EV73, and CA9; (iv) human enterovirus C (HEV-C), including 11 serotypes of coxsackievirus A; and (v) human enterovirus D (HEV-D) with only 2 serotypes--EV68 and EV70.
17), (18) Hepatitis A virus belongs to the genus Hepatovirus within the family Picornaviridae.
Hepatitis A, a naked RNA virus, is a member of Picornaviridae family Hepatovirus genus, transmitted via the fecal-oral route.
The cash for St Andrews University will fund work on the world's oldest known group of viruses, picornaviridae.
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is the only member of the genus Hepatovirus within the family Picornaviridae (3).
Human enteroviruses belong to the Picornaviridae family and include more than 100 serotypes divided among 5 groups (poliovirus, human enterovirus A, human enterovirus B, human enterovirus C, and human enterovirus D) (1).