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Related to Picornaviridae: Togaviridae, Retroviridae, Caliciviridae, Astroviridae


 (pē-kôr′nə-vī′rəs, pĭ-)
n. pl. pi·cor·na·vi·rus·es
Any of a group of very small viruses, including the enteroviruses and the rhinoviruses, that infect animals and consist of RNA surrounded by an icosahedral protein shell.

[pico- + RNA + virus.]


(Microbiology) any one of a group of small viruses that contain RNA; the group includes polioviruses, rhinoviruses, coxsackie viruses, and the virus that causes foot-and-mouth disease
[C20: from pico + RNA + virus]


(pɪˈkɔr nəˌvaɪ rəs, -ˌkɔr nəˈvaɪ-)

n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several small, RNA-containing viruses of the family Picornaviridae, including poliovirus and the rhinoviruses that cause the common cold.
[1960–65; pico- (in the sense “very small”) + RNA + virus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.picornavirus - a group of single-strand RNA viruses with a protein coat
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
enterovirus - any of a group of picornaviruses that infect the gastrointestinal tract and can spread to other areas (especially the nervous system)
rhinovirus - any of a group of picornaviruses that are responsible for many upper respiratory infections
References in periodicals archive ?
Three serotypes of poliovirus (1, 2, and 3) belong to Enterovirus species C (family Picornaviridae, genus Enterovirus).
It is caused by the Aphthovirus of Picornaviridae family which is characterized by low mortality but high mortality (Parida, 2009; Jamal et al.
Human parechoviruses (HPeV), previously designated as echovirus 22 and 23, belong to the Parechovirus genus within the Picornaviridae family and has been designated HPeV 1 and 2 respectively (1) The HPeV genome organization and disease spectrum are similar to other viruses in the Picornaviridae family.
Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) belongs to the Enterovirus genus of the family Picornaviridae and causes sporadic outbreaks of HFMD.
2017) PLA2G16 represents a switch between entry and clearance of Picornaviridae.
FMD virus (FMDV) belongs to Aphthovirus of family picornaviridae with seven serotypes namely A, O, C, Asia-1, SAT 1-3.
It belongs to family Picornaviridae and genus Hepatovirus.
4) Coxsackie viruses are members of the Picornaviridae family and fall into groups A and B, defined by their pathogenicity in newborn mice.
HRVs are members of the genus Enterovirus within the Picornaviridae family.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is caused by a virus from the family Picornaviridae, genus Aphthovirus, having a broad range of hosts and highly resistant to environment.
2 Poliovirus is a limb of the enterovirus subgroup, family Picornaviridae.
Currently, the Picornaviridae family contains 37 species grouped into 17 genera.