Species accompanying the hoopoe on the front cover of the foldout include the black and white Pied Kingfisher
, seen the length of the Nile Valley hovering before it plunges for the kill, and a male Nile Valley Sunbird, in all the iridescent blue-green and golden glory of his summer plumage.
The Kyrmytly Bird Paradise, located in the Cevdetiye district in Osmaniye's Kastabala Valley, is an important bird-watching sight and the only place in Turkey where the common kingfisher, the white-throated kingfisher and the pied kingfisher
can be observed in the same environment.
According to Meier (2013), it has been observed in that both the Pied Kingfisher
Ceryle rudis and Mangrove Kingfisher Halcyon senegaloides are harassed on a regular basis by House Crows, and so it is clearly feasible that Collared Kingfishers at Kalba could suffer predation and mobbing pressure from that species.
Cormorants sat on the bare stump that jutted out of the waters; two herons joined them later; a pied kingfisher
flew in, hovered awhile, and plunged into the waterC*
Then there is the more simplified black and white patterning of the pied kingfisher
(Ceryle rudis) which overlaps in range with the Smyrna kingfisher but also extends throughout almost the whole of sub-Saharan Africa, as far as the Cape mediterranean.