Pieris rapae larvae used came from a laboratory colony initiated with butterflies collected at local sites near Amherst, MA, in 2010 and reared on collards.
Percentages of Pieris rapae larvae in experimental cohorts on potted collards that were parasitized by Cotesia rubecula during their larval life.
Field evaluation of Cotesia rubecula (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), an introduced parasitoid of Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) in New Zealand.
The Wisconsin Fast Plants group has used Pieris rapae
, the cabbage white butterfly, as a model organism to demonstrate the interdependence of these butterflies and rapid-cycling Brassica rapa, or the Fast Plant, developed by Paul Williams at the University of Wisconsin-Madison (Williams & Hill, 1986).
Major factors in the survival of the immature stages of Pieris rapae (L.
Development and host utilization in Hyposoter ebeninus (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), a solitary endoparasitoid of Pieris rapae and P.
The distribution of Pieris rapae crucivora on cabbage leaves.
The repellent-dotted species, Pieris rapae
, hitchhiked to Canada in 1860 from its native Eurasia and North Africa.
Hymenoptera: Braconidae) was introduced to the United States as a biological control agent against the invasive vegetable pest Pieris rapae (L.
Introduction of Apanteles rubecula Marshall and other parasites of Pieris rapae in British Columbia.
A survey of the imported cabbageworm, Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), in cole crops in Massachusetts found that a Chinese strain of Cotesia rubecula (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), released in 1988, has spread and become the dominant parasitoid of this pest in central and western Massachusetts, with an average of 75% parasitism.
Key Words: Cotesia rubecula, Cotesia glomerata, Pieris rapae, parasitoid displacement, evaluation, biological control, cole crops