Pierre de Fermat

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Noun1.Pierre de Fermat - French mathematician who founded number theory; contributed (with Pascal) to the theory of probability (1601-1665)
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Actually, a famous mathematician, often called the Prince of Amateurs, Pierre Fermat (1601-1665) declared that any number is either a figurate number or the sum of two or more of them.
The first significant results in the mathematical theory of probability were given to us by Pierre Fermat and Blaise Pascal, who developed the fundamental principles in a sequence of letters in 1654 while discussing two problems posed by the Chevalier de Mere, a professional gambler.