Some time after my arrival in Flanders news came of the league that his Holiness Pope Pius
V of happy memory, had made with Venice and Spain against the common enemy, the Turk, who had just then with his fleet taken the famous island of Cyprus, which belonged to the Venetians, a loss deplorable and disastrous.
25 Frimaire; year XIII; Coronation of the Emperor Napoleon by his Holiness, Pius
Cato says that the profits of agriculture are particularly pious or just (maximeque pius
quaestus), and according to Varro the old Romans "called the same earth Mother and Ceres, and thought that they who cultivated it led a pious and useful life, and that they alone were left of the race of King Saturn.
He became a Christian and wrote a defence of the Christians addressed to Antoninus Pius
I gave one to the Sultan, who mounted it in his sabre; another to our holy father the Pope, who had it set in his tiara, opposite to one nearly as large, though not so fine, given by the Emperor Napoleon to his predecessor, Pius
Leo XIII and Pius
XI had indeed previously noted the crucial role of private initiative in developing the common good: Leo XIII, under the guise of private property (possession), and Pius
XI within the context of action.
Cessario argues that Pius
IX decided the case in accordance with what Canon and civil law required in the Papal states of the late 1850s.
The youngest pope ever appointed (and the first American), Pius
emerges as the conclave's selection only to shock everyone in the Vatican with his erratic behavior, upending the best-laid plans of the clergy and its various menageries.
Unfortunately, amateur historians have dominated much of the debate around the role of Pius
Many historians of the last century painted a picture of Pius
as a backward-looking idealist, a defender of the universal powers of papacy and empire whose pet project, the crusade against the Turks, was a naive attempt to revive a dying medieval concept.
The son of a senior Vatican official said the Nazi tyrant was worried Pius
could become a liability if the Allies seized Rome, which surrounded the Vatican and was under German occupation in 1943.
Shades of Truth" is the account of a fictional present-day American journalist who starts off as a critic of Pius
and changes his mind after research in Israel, Rome and elsewhere in Europe.