cell wall

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Related to Plant cell wall: cellulose

cell wall

n.
The rigid outermost cell layer found in plants and certain algae, bacteria, and fungi but absent from animal cells.

cell wall

n
(Biology) the outer layer of a cell, esp the structure in plant cells that consists of cellulose, lignin, etc, and gives mechanical support to the cell

cell′ wall′


n.
the definite boundary or wall that is part of the outer structure of certain cells, as a plant cell.
[1840–50]

cell wall

The outermost layer of cells in plants, bacteria, fungi, and many algae that gives shape to the cell and protects it from infection. In plants, the cell wall is made up mostly of cellulose. Most animal cells have a cell membrane rather than a cell wall.

cell wall

The nonliving covering around cells of plants and some bacteria.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cell wall - a rigid layer of polysaccharides enclosing the membrane of plant and prokaryotic cells; maintains the shape of the cell and serves as a protective barrier
layer - a relatively thin sheetlike expanse or region lying over or under another
plant cell - a cell that is a structural and functional unit of a plant
Translations
sejtfal

cell wall

n (Bio) → parete f cellulare
References in periodicals archive ?
MELBOURNE, Australia, May 21, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Scientists from IBM Research (NYSE: IBM), the University of Melbourne and the University of Queensland have moved a step closer to identifying the nanostructure of cellulose -- the basic structural component of plant cell walls.
1989) concluded that anaerobic fungi play a significant role in degrading xylans of plant cell walls.
It appears that the fat found in whole almonds is not as quickly absorbed by the body as that found in almond oil or sunflower oil, which researchers attributed to the plant cell walls found in the whole almond nut Researchers believe that the plant cell wails found m almonds act as a physical barrier and hinder the rate and release of the lipid during digestion.
Accordingly, the principles aims of PlantMYCcellWall, are to address a previously unexplored but timely area on plant cell wall modifications during AM symbiosis and on the plant genetic determinants and hormonal signaling that regulate the AM fungus growth through the plant cell wall.
So far, the team identified 40 rice accessions whose grain contained high levels of minerals important not only to human health, but also to that of the rice plant, such as calcium, which strengthens the plant cell wall and decreases permeability of cell membranes, which can lead to increased resistance to diseases and environmental stresses.
The topics include endogenous plant cell wall digestion as a key mechanism in insect evolution, applying ecological concepts to the human microbiome, the role of mountain ranges in the diversification of birds, origins of new genes and the evolution of their novel functions, and evaluating the impact of crayfish species invasions on ecosystem services.
By comparing how C obsidiansis reacted to switchgrass, relative to pure cellulose, we were able to pinpoint the specific proteins and enzymes that are important to plant cell wall deconstruction a major roadblock to the production of advanced biofuels," Giannone said.
These genetic segments prompt production of different proteins from the same gene that attack different compounds within the plant cell wall.
Plant cell wall biosynthesis: Genetic, biochemical and functional genomics approaches to the identification of key genes.