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Related to Platonism: Neoplatonism


The philosophy of Plato, especially insofar as it asserts ideal forms as an absolute and eternal reality of which the phenomena of the world are an imperfect and transitory reflection.

Pla′to·nist n.
Pla′to·nis′tic adj.


1. (Philosophy) the teachings of Plato and his followers, esp the philosophical theory that the meanings of general words are real existing abstract entities (Forms) and that particular objects have properties in common by virtue of their relationship with these Forms. Compare nominalism, conceptualism, intuitionism
2. (Mathematics) the realist doctrine that mathematical entities have real existence and that mathematical truth is independent of human thought
3. (Philosophy) See Neo-Platonism
ˈPlatonist n


(ˈpleɪt nˌɪz əm)

1. the philosophy or doctrines of Plato or his followers.
2. the belief that physical objects are impermanent representations of unchanging Ideas, and that the Ideas alone give true knowledge as they are known by the mind.
3. (sometimes l.c.) the doctrine or practice of platonic love.
Pla′to•nist, n., adj.


the philosophy of Plato and his followers, especially the doctrine that physical objects are imperfect and impermanent representations of unchanging ideas, and that knowledge is the mental apprehension of these ideas or universals. — Platonist, n., adj.Platonistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Platonism - (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy


[ˈpleɪtənɪzəm] Nplatonismo m
References in classic literature ?
For the sensuousness of Shelley gets the upper hand of his somewhat shadowy Platonism, and he creates out of Nature mainly an ethereal world of delicate and rapidly shifting sights and sounds and sensations.
In addition, the fundamental theological contributions of various Greco-Roman philosophical schools of thought, including Orphism, Stoicism, Pythagoreanism, Platonism and Neo-Platonism, are described.
In the months between his first encounter with Platonism and his baptism, Augustine withdrew from Milan to a villa in the countryside at Cassiciacum.
95--From Plato to Platonism is a very ambitious book whose thesis is deceptively simple.
Since Platonism provided the philosophical milieu of Late Antique Christianity, it is no surprise that the ideas born in a pagan background would be developed and adapted for Christian purposes.
Studies in Platonism, Neoplatonism, and the Platonic Tradition; Volume 16
Vasoli's appointment was in philosophy, but he was more properly a historian of culture in general, a prolific scholar of wide-ranging interests whose published work ranged from Dante to the encyclopedism of the seventeenth century, including along the way major books on Bruno, Renaissance Platonism, the diffusion of new religious ideas in the Reformation, and the role of rhetoric and dialectic in the development of Quattrocento and Cinquecento culture.
The key elements of Platonism he finds in modernist drama are its opposition to "the harsh worldview of tragedy," its commitment to a "theater of ideas," and its use of metatheatrical--if not anti-theatrical--techniques to develop a critical style that employs ideas derived directly from Plato.
Her argument that the Platonism of the episode is literary decoration rather than a real ideological framework is very attractive to the reviewer, though many will take a different view; her point that curiositas is not always a bad thing is salutary.
Sarah Hutton highlights Anne Conway's (1631-79) Antitrinitarian departure from her mentor, Henry More (1614-87), to display the ambiguous relationship of Platonism to the doctrine of the Trinity.
Leonardo begins with a vision that goes back at least partially to Florentine Platonism according to which beauty belongs to an ideal sphere, superior to the corruption of the material world; but this reflection is full of implications that are in no way consoling.