Traquair (1840-1912) devoted his first study to the asymmetry of the Pleuronectidae
, in which he also discussed and perfectly illustrated the mucous canals of the lateral lines on the heads of the turbot and plaice (Traquair 1865, pl.
1 Eel Anguilla Anguilla 3 Cod Gadus morhua 5 Flatfishes Pleuronectidae
1 Total 560 Unidentifiable 430
He said: Halibut (hippoglossus hippoglossus) is a flatfish of the family Pleuronectidae
Some right-eyed flounders are in the family Pleuronectidae
All Ammodytidae 3 8 Pacific sand lance, Ammodytes hexapterus 3 8 All Pleuronectidae
Pacific halibut, Hippoglossus stenolepis Flathead sole, Hippoglossoides elassodon Starry flounder, Platichthys stellatus Northern rock sole, Lepidopsetta polyxystra Unidentified rock sole, Lepidopsetta spp.
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum) Winter flounder, Family Pleuronectidae
Vast quantities of flatfishes, Pleuronectidae
, were taken as bycatch in the Bering Sea, though flatfish caught in Cook Inlet were of better quality (FWS, 1942).
Currently there are 29 species of flatfishes representing three families (Paralichthyidae, Pleuronectidae
, and Cynoglossidae in California, with an additional species and family (Pacific lined sole, Achirus mazatlanus; family Achiridae) reported just below the United States-Mexico International Border (Hubbs et al.
Guide to northeast Pacific flatfishes: families Bothidae, Cynoglossidae, and Pleuronectidae
Hypsopsetta guttulata Pleuronichthys ritteri Pleuronichthys coenosus POECILIDAE Gambusia affinis RHINOBATIDAE Rhinobatos productus SCIAENIDAE Seriphus politus SERRANIDAE Paralabrax clathratus Paralabrax maculatofasciatus Paralabrax nebulifer SYNGNATHIDAE Syngnathus leptorhynchus TOTAL FISH COLLECTED Family Common name 1986 1987 1988 1989 ALBULIDAE Bonefish (*) ATHERINOPSIDAE Topsmelt 1651 7 2611 3862 BLENNIIDAE Bay blenny 4 Rockpool blenny 1 Mussel blenny 1 1 BOTHIDAE California halibut 114 65 99 64 CARCHARHINDAE Gray smoothhound COTTIDAE Unid.
2 Righteye flounders: family Pleuronectidae
Starry flounder (Platichthys 4.
1), is a right-eyed flounder, family Pleuronectidae
, and one of four shallow-water flatfishes, along with the yellowfin sole, Pleuronectes asper; rock sole, Pleuronectes bilineatus; and flathead sole, Hippoglossoides elassodon, commonly found in the eastern Bering Sea.