The families of 310 American airmen who participated in the Ploesti
raid never saw their sons, fathers, or brothers again.
Along the way, Brereton was involved in several of the most debated episodes of World War II including the destruction of much of FEAF's heavy bomber force on the ground at Clark Field on December 8, 1941; Operation Tidalwave, the long-range, low-level attack by heavy bombers on the Ploesti
oil refineries in August 1943; Operation Overlord, the landings in France on June 6, 1944; Operation Cobra, the breakout from Normandy a few weeks later; Operation Market-Garden in September 1944, the largest airborne combat assault in history, and Operation Varsity, the crossing of the Rhine River by 21th Army Group in 1945.
On arriving in Egypt, Colonel Halverson was told that his unit had been detailed for a single operation--a raid on Rumanian oil facilities located in the Ploesti
area--which was to be made "as soon as possible with all available planes.
Colonel Taylor was mistaken in his assertion that Ted Timberlake got a Medal of Honor (MOH) for the August 1, 1943 Ploesti
These resources, centered around the town of Ploesti
, would soon supply over 60 percent of Germany's crude oil supply.
And you're the ones who, in your formative years, you flew against Ploesti
, you patrolled Megalia --in Korea, you flew over Vietnam, we can go on.
Bradle describes an August 1943 air raid in which 178 US Army Air Force B-24 bombers took off from bases surrounding Benghazi, Libya; flew 1,150 miles to Ploesti
, Romania; bombed five major oil refineries; and returned--all but 53 of them--to their bases, all under radio silence.
Heading One-Two-Seven" by Paul Hagan is a title that refers to the final turn of the ill-fated attack on the Axis refineries in Ploesti
, Romania, during World War II.
Diminakis, who studied orchestra conducting at the Vienna University of Music and Performing Arts, has conducted a number of orchestras, including the Orchestra of Ploesti
and the Rzeszow Orchestra.
However, Fifteenth AF's most difficult and costly target was not the extremely heavily defended complex at Ploesti
, Romania, but the industrial area around Vienna.
Meanwhile, destruction of the Ploesti
oil fields had become the responsibility of the USAAF.
He covers the August 1, 1943, Ploesti
raid on Nazi-controlled oil refineries in Romania--a raid that resulted in the loss of more than 20 B-24s and their crews.