tangent

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Related to Point of tangency: common tangent
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tangent
tan θ = a/b

tan·gent

 (tăn′jənt)
n.
1. Mathematics
a. A line, curve, or surface meeting another line, curve, or surface at a common point and sharing a common tangent line or tangent plane at that point.
b. Abbr. tan The trigonometric function of an acute angle in a right triangle that is the ratio of the length of the side opposite the angle to the length of the side adjacent to the angle.
2. A sudden digression or change of course: went off on a tangent during his presentation.
3. Music An upright pin in a keyboard instrument, especially in a clavichord, that rises to sound a string when a key is depressed and stops the string at a preset length to set the pitch.
adj.
Making contact at a single point or along a line; touching but not intersecting.

[Latin (līnea) tangēns, tangent-, touching (line), present participle of tangere, to touch; see tag- in Indo-European roots.]

tangent

(ˈtændʒənt)
n
1. (Mathematics) a geometric line, curve, plane, or curved surface that touches another curve or surface at one point but does not intersect it
2. (Mathematics) (of an angle) a trigonometric function that in a right-angled triangle is the ratio of the length of the opposite side to that of the adjacent side; the ratio of sine to cosine. Abbreviation: tan
3. (Surveying) the straight part on a survey line between curves
4. (Music, other) music a part of the action of a clavichord consisting of a small piece of metal that strikes the string to produce a note
5. on a tangent at a tangent on a completely different or divergent course, esp of thought: to go off at a tangent.
adj
6. (Mathematics)
a. of or involving a tangent
b. touching at a single point
7. touching
8. almost irrelevant
[C16: from Latin phrase līnea tangēns the touching line, from tangere to touch]
ˈtangency n

tan•gent

(ˈtæn dʒənt)

n.
1. a line or plane that touches but does not intersect a curve or surface at a point so that it is closer to the curve or surface in the vicinity of the point than any other line or plane drawn through the point.
2. Also called tan .a fundamental trigonometric function that, in a right triangle, is expressed as the ratio of the side opposite an acute angle to the side adjacent to that angle.
adj.
3. in immediate physical contact; touching; abutting.
4.
a. touching at a single point, as a tangent in relation to a curve or surface.
b. in contact along a single line or element, as a plane with a cylinder.
Idioms:
off on or at a tangent, digressing suddenly from one course of action or thought and turning to another.
[1585–90; < Latin tangent-, s. of tangēns, in phrase līnea tangēns touching line; see -ent]
tan′gen•cy (-dʒən si) n.

tan·gent

(tăn′jənt)
1. A line, curve, or surface touching but not intersecting another.
2. The ratio of the length of the side opposite an acute angle in a right triangle to the side adjacent to the angle.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tangent - a straight line or plane that touches a curve or curved surface at a point but does not intersect it at that pointtangent - a straight line or plane that touches a curve or curved surface at a point but does not intersect it at that point
straight line - a line traced by a point traveling in a constant direction; a line of zero curvature; "the shortest distance between two points is a straight line"
2.tangent - ratio of the opposite to the adjacent side of a right-angled triangle
circular function, trigonometric function - function of an angle expressed as a ratio of the length of the sides of right-angled triangle containing the angle

tangent

noun
Translations
مُماس، ظِل الزاوِيَه
tečnatangens
tangent
tangentti
érintõvonal
snertillsnertill, snertilínatangens
liestinėmestis į kitą pusęnukryptipasukti į kitą pusę
tangente
stycznatangens
dotyčnica

tangent

[ˈtændʒənt] N (Geom) → tangente f
to go or fly off at a tangentsalirse por la tangente

tangent

[ˈtændʒənt] n
(MATHEMATICS)tangente f
(fig) to go off at a tangent → bifurquer

tangent

n (Math) → Tangente f; to go off at a tangent (fig)(plötzlich) vom Thema abkommen or abschweifen; he went off at a tangent about flowerser schweifte plötzlich ab und fing an, über Blumen zu reden

tangent

[ˈtændʒnt] n (Geom) → tangente f
to go off at a tangent (fig) → partire per la tangente

tangent

(ˈtӕndʒənt) noun
a line that touches a curve but does not cut it.
go off at a tangent
to go off suddenly in another direction or on a different line of thought, action etc. It is difficult to have a sensible conversation with her, as she keeps going off at a tangent.
References in periodicals archive ?
The slope of the line equals the marginal rate of outlay substitution, which is constant throughout and equal to the ratio of the factor prices, and therefore, at the point of tangency, the marginal rate of outlay substitution equals the marginal rate of production substitution.
The right-hand side of equation (36) can be inserted into (34), and the portfolio weight at the point of tangency only depends on the excess returns vector and the inverse of the variance covariance matrix.
Right-angled triangles have appeared because any radius meeting a point of tangency is perpendicular to the tangent.
theta] = Angle measured from the point of tangency between bend and straight section of wall
Since A is a point of tangency between the tax-inclusive isocost curve and the isoquant, it characterizes a cost minimum.
If F(0, [chi]) is marked on the M-axis, and a tangent is drawn from the point F(0, [chi]) to the efficiency frontier, and the point of tangency is H (whose coordinates are (([[sigma].
On the other hand, if profitable pooling were to occur at a point of tangency, or where the HH-type indifference curve is steeper than the LL-type, then both types could be attracted to a profitable alternative that is also incentive compatible with respect to the HL-types.