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A country of central Europe bordering on the Baltic Sea. Unified as a kingdom in the 11th century, it enjoyed a golden age under the Jagiello dynasty (1386-1572) and was a major power in the 15th and 16th centuries. National independence was lost in 1697 and it was carved up among other states in three partitions (1772, 1793, and 1795). Poland then disappeared as a geographic entity until its reconstitution as a republic in 1918. Its present boundaries date from the end of World War II. Warsaw is the capital and the largest city.
(Placename) a republic in central Europe, on the Baltic: first united in the 10th century; dissolved after the third partition effected by Austria, Russia, and Prussia in 1795; re-established independence in 1918; invaded by Germany in 1939; ruled by a Communist government from 1947 to 1989, when a multiparty system was introduced; joined the EU in 2004. It consists chiefly of a low undulating plain in the north, rising to a low plateau in the south, with the Sudeten and Carpathian Mountains along the S border. Official language: Polish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: złoty. Capital: Warsaw. Pop: 38 383 809 (2013 est). Area: 311 730 sq km (120 359 sq miles). Polish name: Polska
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|Noun||1.||Poland - a republic in central Europe; the invasion of Poland by Germany in 1939 started World War II|
battle of Tannenberg, Tannenberg - a battle in World War I (1914); decisive German victory over the Russians
Auschwitz - a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II
Preussen, Prussia - a former kingdom in north-central Europe including present-day northern Germany and northern Poland; "in the 19th century Prussia led the economic and political unification of the German states"
capital of Poland, Warsaw, Warszawa - the capital and largest city of Poland; located in central Poland
Czestochowa - a city of southern Poland whose church contains the statue of the black Madonna which attracts many pilgrims
Danzig, Gdansk - a port city of northern Poland near the mouth of the Vistula River on a gulf of the Baltic Sea; a member of the Hanseatic League in the 14th century
Katowice - an industrial city of southern Poland
Lodz - a large city of central Poland
Lublin - an industrial city of eastern Poland
Zabrze - an industrial city in southern Poland
Carpathian Mountains, Carpathians - a mountain range in central Europe that extends from Slovakia and southern Poland southeastward through western Ukraine to northeastern Romania; a popular resort area
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Pole - a native or inhabitant of Poland
Ba Lannước Ba Lan
Poland[ˈpəʊlənd] N → Polonia f
n → Polen nt